Belgrade (/ˈbɛlɡreɪd/ BEL-grayd; Serbian: Beograd/Београд, lit. ‘White City’, pronounced – beǒɡrad) city, capital of Serbia, and it lies at the confluence of the Danube and Sava rivers in the north-central part of the country. About 1.7 million people live within the city of Belgrade, a quarter of Serbia’s total population. Formerly the capital of Yugoslavia, Belgrade is also referred to today as the city of drinking and nightlife.
Often known as “the city that never sleeps” is one of the oldest cities in Europe and the only one founded on the confluence of two rivers, Serbia’s capital Belgrade. In the 6th millennium BC one of Europe’s most significant prehistoric cultures, the Vinča culture, developed within the Belgrade region. In antiquity, Thraco-Dacians inhabited the region and, after 279 BC, Celts settled the town, naming it Singidūn. It absolutely was conquered by the Romans under the reign of Augustus and awarded Roman city rights within the mid-2nd century.
Belgrade is found at the convergence of three historically important routes of travel between Europe and also the Balkans: an east-west route along the river valley from Vienna to the Black Sea; another one which runs west along the Sava valley towards Trieste and northern Italy; and a 3rd running southeast along the valleys of the Morava and Vardar rivers to the Aegean. Floating clubs on its rivers became synonyms for nice parties and never-ending fun, and Skadarlija, the bohemian street, for an area where music and singing is heard until dawn.
The capital city is accessible from every other city in Serbia but from Montenegro to Bulgaria and beyond it is also well linked with the rest of the Balkans. The cuisine, the locals’ creativity, and the cool vibe the city is exuding are just a few of the many reasons Belgrade should be on the wish list of any traveler. To the north and west of Belgrade lies the Pannonian Basin, which has the good grain-growing region of Vojvodina. Town Belgrade was settled by the Slavs within the 520s and adjusted hands several times between the geographical area, the Frankish Empire, the Bulgarian Empire, and also the Kingdom of Hungary.
Belgrade is a modern European city and is the country’s economic, financial, and cultural center. There is evidence of settlements in the area from the Stone Age. The town grew up around an ancient fortress on the headland of Kalemegdan that was encompassed by the Sava and the Danube on three sides. The city never stops growing, and when it’s crossed the river Sava, it became “new”. New Belgrade (Novi Beograd) is the center of Serbia’s business. The city has a geographical area of 360 square kilometers (140 sq mi), while along with its metropolitan area it covers 3,223 km2 (1,244 sq mi).
Belgrade was a lively shopping center during the Turkish era, where goods were traded from various parts of the Ottoman Empire. Belgrade also houses the first kafana, or coffee shop in Europe. Belgrade saw coffee shops a century before the rest of Europe, owing to the influence of the Ottoman Empire in the area. Turkish coffee is served here regularly but a fresh and emerging specialty coffee scene is also home in the region. The mountains of Avala (511 m (1,677 ft)) and Kosmaj (628 m (2,060 ft)) lie south of the city.
Belgrade is home to numerous government offices and also houses various cultural and educational institutions, including Belgrade University, established in 1863. Today, Belgrade is best known for its vibrant nightlife and the wide range of possibilities it offers for having fun, particularly for young people. There are several museums and galleries, the oldest of which was built in 1844-the National Museum (Narodni Muzej). The Belgrade area includes more than 1650 public sculptures.
Belgrade is fascinating any time of year, but the temperature is about 20 degrees Celsius in springtime the most beautiful, everything is literally thriving and provides a perfect environment for long walks and sightseeings. Belgrade’s historic areas and houses are among the principal attractions of the city; they include: Skadarlija, the National Museum, and adjacent National Theatre, Zemun, Nikola Pašić Square, Terazije, Students’ Square, the Kalemegdan Fortress, Knez Mihailova Street, the Parliament, the Church of Saint Sava, and also the Old Palace.