Organizational Behavior

Report on Ring Shain Textaile Ltd

Report on Ring Shain Textaile Ltd

1.1 Introduction

Bangladesh is one of the developing countries in the world. To bring about desired change in the socio economic field, the role of various manufacturing industries can not be overemphasized. Although most of the people in our country are farmers, commerce and industry provide bulk of country’s wealth. Without adequate manufacturing firm it is not possible to meet up all the basic needs of the vast population of the country.

Ours is a free market economy, where private sector plays a key role in establishing an industrial base. We are striving to expand our industrial portfolio to meet the needs of a growing population. Starting from a stake in an Knit based Garments product unit making Sweater, the group’s industry now cover Spinning, Dyeing, Auto Knitting, Printing & Embroidery and making tea-shirt and Fleece product. It has also stepped into the IT sector and eagerly anticipates further expansion of its product and service portfolio to make a sizable contribution to the national economy.

1.2 Objective of the Report

1.2.1 General Objective

The primary objective of this report is to observe the working capital management done by Ring Shine Textiles Ltd.

1.2.2 Specific Objectives

The other objectives include:

  • To acquire practical knowledge about the absolute financial performance managed by Ring Shine Textiles Ltd.
  • To understand the different working capital modes of RSTL
  • To evaluate working capital situation of RSTL
  • To be familiarized with various financial works
  • To get practical exposure of a manufacturing company
  • To adapt with the corporate environment
  • To understand the assets and liabilities situations
  • To understand accounts receivable practices by RSTL

1.3 Scope of the Study

The internship is a part of the Masters of Business Administration (MBA) degree that provides an on the job experience to the students. I was placed in Ring Shine Textiles Ltd. at the corporate head office located in Plot 224-260, DEPZ Exten Area, Ganakbari, Savar, Dhaka as an internee for three months duration include one month practical work at Factory Office. This internship program was my very first on the job exposure and provides me with learning experience and knowledge in several areas.

During the first week of my internship period I was able to get accustomed to the working environment of Ring Shine Textiles Ltd. As the internship continued, I not only learn about the activities and operation of the correspondent office, but also gathered some knowledge about the basic business activities of a manufacturing firm in the very first one month of my internship period.The scope of the study includes the basic financial operations of Ring Shine Textiles Ltd. In this report I have focused on all the qualitative factors which includes profiles of Ring Shine Textiles Ltd., RSTL and all sister concerns, all basic terms of Finance and Financial Management, Financial Markets: money and capital market, different credit policy etc. I have also included the ways how a company can manage the assets, liabilities and working capital. I have also analyzed the financial position of RSTL that includes current ratio, profit margin, working capital turnover and operating profit as well.

1.4 Methodology

Mathodology is an important part of a report. Methodology refers to the way by which data are collected for preparing any report or study. This is an explanatory type of report that has undertaken insights and understanding about overall finance practices by Ring Shine Textiles Ltd. I especially focused on working capital management done by the organization. This report has been prepared on the basis of primary and secondary data. The relevant data information was collected through direct interview of the personnel engaged in finance division of Ring Shine Textiles Ltd.

The secondary data source is annual report of RSTL. Besides to collect the secondary data I have accessed the official website of Ring Shine Textiles Ltd.

1.4.1 Sources of Data Primary Sources of Data

  • Direct Interviews and conversation
  • Official records
  • Observation of various organizational procedures
  • Expert opinion Secondary Sources of Data

Most of the information used in this report has been collected from

  • Annual Report 2007
  • Publications of RSTL
  • Various websites
  • Magazines / Journals / Periodicals

1.4.2 Methods of Collecting Data

Methods of collecting data mean the methods by which way the data have been collected. Primary data are collected through face to face conversation basis and secondary data are collected from different articles and annual report of Ring Shine Textiles Ltd. Primary Sources of Data are collected by:

  • Interviewing the Finance and Accounts Manager of Ring Shine Textiles Ltd.
  • Interviewing all executives under Finance Department
  • Informal conversation with other colleagues Secondary Sources of Data are collected by:

  • Annual Report of Ring Shine Textiles Ltd.
  • Manuals and Articles collected from Finance Department of RSTL
  • Relevant articles and journals available in the web site of Ring Shine Textiles Ltd.

1.5 Limitations of the Study

The main limitations of the study are as follows:

  • Lac of adequate knowledge about financial position of any organization.
  • Sufficient records, publications, facts and figures are not available. These constraints narrowed the scope of the real analysis.
  • For the reason of confidentiality, some useful information can not be expressed in this report.
  • Lac of available information about financial analysis of RSTL.
  • Unavailability of sufficient written documents as required making a comprehensive study.
  • In many cases up to date information are not published.
  • Because of the unwillingness of the busy key persons, necessary data collection became hard.
  • Lac of experiences has acted as constraints in the way of meticulous exploration on the topic.
  • Lac of available time to prepare such a large report.

2.1 About Ring Shine Textiles Ltd

2.1.1 Location:

Ring Shine Textiles Ltd. is located at Plot 224-260, Dhaka Export Processing Zone Exten Area, Ganakbari, Savar, Dhaka. The site enjoys excellent infrastructure like good road communication, gas, power, water, telecommunication and manpower.

2.1.2 Background & Objectives:

Ring Shine Textiles Ltd. is a foreign owned 100% export oriented textiles company. It is committed to produce the best Color Fabric and Dyed Yarn with the best of machineries. All around the world there has been a noticeable growth and success of the Textiles industry. Being inspired by this excellent growth, financial performance and future prospects of the Textiles market, sponsors are confident that it would be beneficial and worthy to invest into the Textiles industry. With this end in view the company has decided to set-up a whole new business. The excellence of the technology, the genius of company’s personnel, clear vision and commitment of management “Simply the best” in the Textiles arena is the mainstay of this bold initiative.

2.1.3 Marketing Advantage:

The promoters of the company are successfully operates more than 5 manufacturing and trading concerns and offers the best (value of money) to customers of Bangladesh. All the directors of Ring Shine Textiles have contributed a lot as promoter-directors in the growth of Ring Shine Textiles Ltd. Sponsors of the project properly utilize this cumulative strength of knowledge to solve the manifold problems of fast-changing economy. Thus this management set-up is a marketing advantage.

2.2 Products

2.2.1 Yarn

Ring Shine Textiles can produce yarn from Acrylic tow or Acrylic Fiber by its Spinning machine.

2.2.2 Dyed Yarn

Ring Shine Textiles can dye any color of yarn & fabric, depending on the order size.

2.2.3 Fleece Fabric

Ring Shine Textiles can produce Fabrics by its circular knitting machine.

2.4 Vission

We are the leading Textiles solution provider in Bangladesh achieving our business vision through growth in market reach, increasing operation size, international distribution, total service and consistent branding activities by the being most customers focused & Innovative, cost effective & efficient, environmentally responsible & quality concerned company in the business.

2.4.1 Mission The Aim

The Sky is not the limit for us, but our expectation is within limits. Therefore, our imagination soars beyond conventional barriers. We share or destiny with our beloved motherland. We want to serve her in the greater quest for national uplift. The Way

To sincere traveler, the way is never too long. We believe in “progress in diversity and service through entrepreneur”. We are merchants and missionaries, doers and dreamers, entrepreneurs and professionals. We are futuristic with emphasis on creating thinking and dynamic action. The Spirit

Enterprise is our spirit. We manufacture superior import-substitute consumer and industrial products. Our cutting edge precision leads to greater public utility and hygiene, with a great care for the environment and human inhabitation. It is the very ingredient that gives our organization the integrity upon which our reputation is built and we zealously guard it everyday.Many a thousand minds contributed their gathered knowledge to keep the wheels rolling that in turn leads us to our goal. This cumulative strength of knowledge is required, today, to find new solutions for the manifold problems of fast- changing economic cultural and ecological milieu.

2.4.2 Career

They offer challenging professional opportunities to young persons who can give sustained and focused hands on performance in the field of marketing, accounts, finance, production, MIS / IT and engineering. Vacancies arise from time to time to fulfill requirements of the Group.We offer attractive salaries and benefits in line with top industrial employers in Bangladesh. Scope of advancement is strictly performance based.

2.4.3 Contact Address
Ring Shine Textiles Ltd.
House # 5, Road # 6
Baridhara Model Town, Dhaka 1000
Ph. 9885580, Fax: 9885557

3.1 Introduction

Working capital is the single best method of determining the position of a company, or how well that company may be doing. When all is said and done, the company’s working capital is what makes it profitable or not profitable. The more working capital a company has the better that company is doing, financially. Many potential investors and others in the public sphere will scrutinize a balance sheet to find the working capital calculation of a company.

Knowing the amount of working capital a company has is vital to many aspects. The working capital calculation will tell the company, as well as the investors, exactly how well the company is doing. In addition, the company’s working capital constitutes the monies used for purchasing new equipment, new stock lines and much more. Working capital is the single most important aspect of a company, whether you are judging performance or speculating on expanding the company. Without the required working capital and knowledge of how to perform a working capital calculation, it may be impossible for a business to grow and prosper. Having the right amount of working capital is the only way in which a company can advance.

Working capital refers to the cash a business requires for day-to-day operations, or, more specifically, for financing the conversion of raw materials into finished goods, which the company sells for payment. Among the most important items of working capital are levels of inventory, accounts receivable, and accounts payable. Analysts look at these items for signs of a company’s efficiency and financial strength.

3.2 What is Working Capital?

Working capital (also known as net working capital) is a financial metric which represents the amount of day-by-day operating liquidity available to a business. Along with fixed assets such as plant and equipment, working capital is considered a part of operating capital. It is calculated as current assets minus current liabilities. A company can be endowed with assets and profitability, but short of liquidity, if these assets cannot readily be converted into cash.

Firms need cash to pay for all their day-to-day activities. They have to pay wages, pay for raw materials, pay bills and so on. The money available to them to do this is known as the firm’s working capital. The main sources of working capital are the current assets as these are the short-term assets that the firm can use to generate cash. However, the firm also has current liabilities and so these have to be taken account of when working out how much working capital a firm has at its disposal.

Working capital is therefore:-


Current Assets
stock + debtors + cash

– Current liabilities

Thus working capital is the same as net current assets, and is an important part of the top half of the firm’s balance sheet. It is vital to a business to have sufficient working capital to meet all its requirements. Many businesses have gone under, not because they were unprofitable, but because they suffered from shortages of working capital.

3.3 Factors determining working capital requirements

  • Size of business
  • Stage of development
  • Time of production
  • Rate of stock turnover ratio
  • Buying and selling terms
  • Seasonal consumption
  • Seasonal production

3.4 The desirability of budgeting

3.4.1 Capital budget

This concerns fixed asset requirements for the next five years and how these will be financed.

3.4.2 Cash budget

Working capital requirements of a business should be monitored at all times to ensure that there are sufficient funds available to meet short-term expenses.

3.5 Constituents of Working Capital

3.5.1 Current asset

In accounting, a current asset is an asset on the balance sheet which is expected to be sold or otherwise used up in the near future, usually within one year, or one business cycle – whichever is longer. Typical current assets include cash, cash equivalents, accounts receivable, inventory, the portion of prepaid accounts which will be used within a year, and short-term investments.

On the balance sheet, assets will typically be classified into current assets and long-term assets.

The current ratio is calculated by dividing total current assets by total current liabilities. It is frequently used as an indicator of a company’s liquidity, its ability to meet short-term obligations.

3.5.2 Current liability

In accounting, current liabilities are considered liabilities of the business that are to be settled in cash within the fiscal year or the operating cycle, whichever period is longer.

For example accounts payable for goods, services or supplies that were purchased for use in the operation of the business and payable within a normal period of time would be current liabilities.

Bonds, mortgages and loans that are payable over a term exceeding one year would be fixed liabilities. However the payments due on the long-term loans in the current fiscal year could be considered current liabilities if the amount were material.

The proper classification of liabilities is essential when considering a true picture of an organization’s fiscal health.

3.6 Working Capital Management

Working capital management involves the relationship between a firm’s short-term assets and its short-term liabilities. Decisions relating to working capital and short term financing are referred to as working capital management. These involve managing the relationship between a firm’s short-term assets and its short-term liabilities. The goal of Working capital management is to ensure that the firm is able to continue its operations and that it has sufficient cash flow to satisfy both maturing short-term debt and upcoming operational expenses. The management of working capital involves managing inventories, accounts receivable and payable, and cash.

Guided by the above criteria, management will use a combination of policies and techniques for the management of working capital. These policies aim at managing the current assets (generally cash and cash equivalents, inventories and debtors) and the short term financing, such that cash flows and returns are acceptable.

  • Cash management. Identify the cash balance which allows for the business to meet day to day expenses, but reduces cash holding costs.
  • Inventory management. Identify the level of inventory which allows for uninterrupted production but reduces the investment in raw materials – and minimizes reordering costs – and hence increases cash flow; i.e Supply chain management; Just In Time (JIT); Economic order quantity (EOQ); Economic production quantity (EPQ).
  • Debtors management. Identify the appropriate credit policy, i.e. credit terms which will attract customers, such that any impact on cash flows and the cash conversion cycle will be offset by increased revenue and hence Return on Capital (or vice versa).
  • Short term financing. Identify the appropriate source of financing, given the cash conversion cycle: the inventory is ideally financed by credit granted by the supplier; however, it may be necessary to utilize a bank loan (or overdraft), or to “convert debtors to cash” through “factoring“.

3.7 Cash

Cash is the lifeline of a company. If this lifeline deteriorates, so does the company’s ability to fund operations, reinvest and meet capital requirements and payments. Understanding a company’s cash flow health is essential to making investment decisions. A good way to judge a company’s cash flow prospects is to look at its working capital management (WCM).

3.7.1 Reasons for keeping cash

  • The transaction motive refers to the money kept available to pay expenses.
  • The precautionary motive refers to the money kept aside for unforeseen expenses.
  • The speculative motive refers to the money kept aside to take advantage of suddenly arising opportunities.

3.7.2 Advantages of sufficient cash

  • Current liabilities may be catered for.
  • Cash discounts are given for cash payments.
  • Production is kept moving.
  • Surplus cash may be invested on a short-term basis.
  • The business is able to pay its accounts timeously, allowing for easily-obtained credit.
  • Liquidity

3.8 Why Firms Hold Cash

The finance profession recognizes the three primary reasons offered by economist John Maynard Keynes to explain why firms hold cash. The three reasons are for the purpose of speculation, for the purpose of precaution, and for the purpose of making transactions. All three of these reasons stem from the need for companies to possess liquidity.

3.8.1 Speculation

Economist Keynes described this reason for holding cash as creating the ability for a firm to take advantage of special opportunities that if acted upon quickly will favor the firm. An example of this would be purchasing extra inventory at a discount that is greater than the carrying costs of holding the inventory.

3.8.2 Precaution

Holding cash as a precaution serves as an emergency fund for a firm. If expected cash inflows are not received as expected cash held on a precautionary basis could be used to satisfy short-term obligations that the cash inflow may have been bench marked for.

3.8.3 Transaction

Firms are in existence to create products or provide services. The providing of services and creating of products result in the need for cash inflows and outflows. Firms hold cash in order to satisfy the cash inflow and cash outflow needs that they have.

3.9 Ways to Manage Cash

Firms can manage cash in virtually all areas of operations that involve the use of cash. The goal is to receive cash as soon as possible while at the same time waiting to pay out cash as long as possible. Below are several examples of how firms are able to do this.

3.9.1 Policy for Cash Being Held

Here a firm already is holding the cash so the goal is to maximize the benefits from holding it and wait to pay out the cash being held until the last possible moment. Previously there was a discussion on Float which includes an example based on a checking account. That example is expanded here.

Assume that rather than investing $1,000 in a checking account that does not pay any interest, you invest that $1,000 in liquid investments. Further assume that the bank believes you to be a low credit risk and allows you to maintain a balance of $0 in your checking account.

This allows you to write a $300 check to the water company and then transfer funds from your investment to the checking account in a “just in time” (JIT) fashion. By employing this JIT system you are able to draw interest on the entire $1,000 up until you need the $300 to pay the water company. Firms often have policies similar to this one to allow them to maximize idle cash.

3.9.2 Sales

The goal for cash management here is to shorten the amount of time before the cash is received. Firms that make sales on credit are able to decrease the amount of time that their customers wait until they pay the firm by offering discounts.

For example, credit sales are often made with terms such as 3/10 net 60. The first part of the sales term “3/10” means that if the customer pays for the sale within 10 days they will receive a 3% discount on the sale. The remainder of the sales term, “net 60,” means that the bill is due within 60 days. By offering an inducement, the 3% discount in this case, firms are able to cause their customers to pay off their bills early. This results in the firm receiving the cash earlier.

3.9.3 Inventory

The goal here is to put off the payment of cash for as long as possible and to manage the cash being held. By using a JIT inventory system, a firm is able to avoid paying for the inventory until it is needed while also avoiding carrying costs on the inventory. JIT is a system where raw materials are purchased and received just in time, as they are needed in the production lines of a firm.

3.10 Stock

3.10.1 Purpose of stock control

  • Ensures that enough stock is on hand to satisfy demand.
  • Protects and monitors theft.
  • Safeguards against having to stockpile.
  • Allows for control over selling and cost price.

4.10.2 Stockpiling

This refers to the purchase of stock at the right time, at the right price and in the right quantities.

There are several advantages to the stockpiling, the following are some of the examples:

  • Losses due to price fluctuations and stock loss kept to a minimum
  • Ensures that goods reach customers timeously; better service
  • Saves space and storage cost
  • Investment of working capital kept to minimum
  • No loss in production due to delays

There are several disadvantages to the stockpiling, the following are some of the examples:

  • Obsolescence
  • Danger of fire and theft
  • Initial working capital investment is very large
  • Losses due to price fluctuation

3.10.3 Influence of stock management on rate of return

  • Right price
  • Right quantity
  • Right quality
  • Right place
  • Right time
  • Right property

3.10.4 Rate of stock turnover

This refers to the number of times per year that the average level of stock is sold. It may be worked out by dividing the cost price of goods sold by the cost price of the average stock level.

3.10.5 Determining optimum stock levels

  • Maximum stock level refers to the maximum stock level that may be maintained to ensure cost effectiveness.
  • Minimum stock level refers to the point below which the stock level may not go.
  • Standard order refers to the amount of stock generally ordered.
  • Order level refers to the stock level which calls for an order to be made.



3.11 Management of current assets

3.11.1 Credit policy

Credit gives the customer the opportunity to buy goods and services, and pay for them at a later date.

3.11.2 Advantages of credit trade

  • Usually results in more customers than cash trade.
  • Can charge more for goods to cover the risk of bad debt.
  • Gain goodwill and loyalty of customers.
  • People can buy goods and pay for them at a later date.
  • Farmers can buy seeds and implements, and pay for them only after the harvest.
  • Stimulates agricultural and industrial production and commerce.
  • Can be used as a promotional tool.
  • Increase the sales.

3.11.3 Disadvantages of credit trade

  • Risk of bad debt.
  • High administration expenses.
  • People can buy more than they can afford.
  • More working capital needed.
  • Risk of Bankruptcy.

3.11.4 Forms of credit

  • Suppliers credit:
    • Credit on ordinary open account
    • Instalment sales
    • Bills of exchange
    • Credit cards
  • Contractor’s credit
  • Factoring of debtors

3.11.5 Factors which influence credit conditions

  • Nature of the business’s activities
  • Financial position
  • Product durability
  • Length of production process
  • Competition and competitors’ credit conditions
  • Country’s economic position
  • Conditions at financial institutions
  • Discount for early payment
  • Debtor’s type of business and financial position

3.11.6 Credit collection

Overdue accounts
  • Cards arranged alphabetically in card index system
  • Attach a notice of overdue account to statement.
  • Send a letter asking for settlement of debt.
  • Send a second or third letter if first is ineffectual.
  • Threaten legal action.
Effective credit control
  • Increases sales
  • Reduces bad debts
  • Increases profits
  • Builds customer loyalty

3.11.7 Sources of information on creditworthiness

  • Business references
  • Bank references
  • Credit agencies
  • Chambers of commerce
  • Employers
  • Credit application forms

3.11.8 Duties of the credit department

  • Legal action
  • Taking necessary steps to ensure settlement of account
  • Knowing the credit policy and procedures for credit control
  • Setting credit limits
  • Ensuring that statements of account are sent out
  • Ensuring that thorough checks are carried out on credit customers
  • Keeping records of all amounts owing
  • Ensuring that debts are settled promptly
  • Timely reporting to the upper level of management for better management.

3.12 Working Capital Cycle

Working capital is vital to a business. They have to have funds available to pay their day to day bills, wages and so on. The working capital is made up of the current assets net of the current liabilities. It is very important to a company to manage its working capital carefully. This is particularly true where there is a substantial time lag between making the product and receiving the money for it. In this situation the company has paid out all the costs associated with making the product (labour, raw materials and so on) but not yet got any money for it. They must therefore ensure they have enough cash to do this.

The way working capital moves around the business is modeled by the working capital cycle. This shows the cash coming into the business, what happens to it while the business has it and then where it goes. A simple working capital cycle may look something like:-

Between each stage of this working capital cycle there is a time delay. For some businesses this will be very long where it takes them a long time to make and sell the product. They will need a substantial amount of working capital to survive. Others though may receive their cash very quickly after paying out for raw materials etc… (perhaps even before they’ve paid their bills?) – they will need less working capital.

For all businesses though they need to plan how much cash they are going to have. The best way of doing this is a CASH FLOW FORECAST.

4.1 Current Ratio

As we know a firm has to have sufficient liquidity. In other words they have to be able to meet their day to day payments. It is no good having your money tied up or invested so that you haven’t enough to meet your bills! Current assets and liabilities are an important part of this liquidity and so to measure the firm’s liquidity situation we can work out a ratio. It is called the CURRENT


The current ratio is worked out by dividing the current assets by the current liabilities:-


Current assets


Current liabilities

This figure should always be above 1 or the firm does not have enough assets to meet its liabilities and is therefore technically insolvent. However, a figure close to 1 would be a little close for the firm as they would only just be able to meet their liabilities and so a figure of between 1.5 and 2 is generally considered to be desirable. A figure of 2 means that they can meet their liabilities twice over and so is safe for them. If the figure is any bigger than this then the firm may be tying up too much of their money in a form that is not earning them anything. If the current ratio is bigger than 2 they should therefore perhaps consider investing some for a longer period to earn them more.

Now let’s analyze the current ratio of Ring Shine Textiles Ltd according to the financial statements in the year 2007.

As we see that the current ratio is below 1, RSTL does not have enough assets to meet its liabilities and is technically insolvent. The company should increase the amount of assets so that it can fulfill its obligations.

4.2 Profit Margin

A high level of profit looks very impressive but how can we tell if the level of profit the company is making is good or not? To do this we use another ratio. The ratio we use to assess this is called the PROFIT MARGIN. The profit margin is the level of profit, divided by the level of sales revenue as a percentage. In other words the percentage profit the firm is making on its sales. If we look at this from year to year we get a much better picture of how well the firm is doing.


Operating profit
Sales revenue

For example the level of profit may have gone up, but the profit margin hasn’t. What does this mean? This may mean that although the firm has sold more and made more profit, their costs must have gone up by a greater percentage than their sales revenue and so the level of profit that is left is less as a percentage. Better control of their costs is clearly needed.

Now let’s analyze the profit margins of two consecutive years of Ring Shine Textiles Ltd.

From the above calculation we can say that although the operating profit has increased in the year 2007, its marginal profit has decreased to 0.165 from 0.189. It means that although the firm has sold more and made more profit, their costs must have gone up by a greater percentage than their sales revenue and so the level of profit that is left is less as a percentage. Better control of their costs is clearly needed.

4.3 Working Capital Turnover

The final ratio in this section is the working capital turnover ratio – the relationship between turnover and working capital.

The working capital turnover ratio is straightforward and here it is!

Working Capital Turnover=


Working Capital

What this ratio tries to highlight is how effectively working capital is being used in terms of the turnover it can help to generate: no ideal values here but the higher the better, surely. Working with the Ring Shine Textiles Ltd, we have:

Ring Shine Textiles Ltd




Net current assets (liabilities)



Working Capital Turnover Ratio for the Ring Shine Textiles Ltd

-4.75 times
-5.95 times

Both in 2006 and in 2007, the results of the working capital turnover ratio were strange because year-end working capitals (net current liabilities in this case) were negative – it’s difficult to interpret such ratios. But in comparison with 2006 the working capital turnover in 2007 is much worse.

4.4 Net Assets

Assets are anything which the firm owns or has title to (in other words ownership of). The term net then means all assets net of liabilities. Net assets are therefore:-

Net Assets = Total Assets – Total Liabilities

According to the balance sheet of Ring Shine Textiles Ltd (RSTL) in the year 2007 total assets were TK 6,59,794,266 and total liabilities were TK 4,87,782,176. There fore,

Net Assets = TK 6,57,974,266 – TK 4,87,782,176

                                                = TK 1,72,012,090

The total assets are made up of fixed assets (plant, machinery and equipment) and current assets which is the total of stock, debtors and cash.

The total liabilities are made up in much the same way of long-term liabilities and current liabilities.

The net assets figure therefore can be used as a measure of the value of the business. It is the value of everything the business owns after all the debts have been taken account of.

4.5 Operating Profit

Profit is often a misunderstood term. Profit is the surplus in money terms that a firm has made after paying all the costs associated with producing and selling that product. It should not be muddled with sales revenue which is the money the firm has received from selling the product.

There are various types of profit that are measured by accountants in the firm’s profit & loss account. Operating profit is the profit after both the direct and indirect costs have been paid.

Sales revenue – Cost of goods sold = GROSS PROFIT

Gross Profit – marketing & admin. costs = OPERATING PROFIT

Operating profit is sometimes also known as TRADING PROFIT.

According to the income statement of RSTL, in 2007,

Gross Profit = TK 4,52,895,638 – TK 3,72,034,149

                                                      = TK 80,861,489

Operating Profit = TK 80,861,489 – TK 6,259,204

                                                             = TK 74,602,285

6.1 Findings

  • Ring Shine Textiles Ltd. is striving to expand their industrial portfolio to meet the needs of growing population.
  • The enterprises of Ring Shine Textiles Ltd. play a positive role in alleviating poverty and generating employment.
  • Ring Shine Textiles Ltd. is striving to ensure greater public utility and hygiene, with a great care for the environment and human inhabitation.
  • RSTL is committed to produce the best quality import substitute preforms and closures with the best machineries.
  • Current ratio is 0.697 which is less than 1. This means RSTL does not have enough assets to meet up its liabilities and is technically insolvent.
  • In 2007, marginal profit has decreased to 0.165 from 0.189, in comparison with 2006.
  • Their costs have gone up by a greater percentage in comparison with sales and profit.
  • Both in 2006 and 2007 the working capital turnover is negative. It is worse in 2007 than that of 2006.
  • The company’s net asset is positive, that means it is able to meet up its long term obligations.
  • Ring Shine Textiles Ltd.’s employees are not satisfied with their working environment.
  • Employees of RSTL are not efficient.
  • Customers are not satisfied with their service.
  • RSTL lacks well trained human resources.

6.2 Recommendations

  • Ring Shine Textiles Ltd. (RSTL) should improve its product quality.
  • RSTL can form an effective sales team for market operations.
  • RSTL needs to recruit sufficient number of women employees.
  • RSTL should recruit business graduates
  • The authority of RSTL should introduce more and more innovative and modern customer service.
  • RSTL should go aggressive advertising and promotional activities to get a broad geographic coverage.
  • RSTL should increase skilled manpower to conduct its financial activities.
  • Financial activities should be conducted by finance graduates only.
  • RSTL should arrange various seminars and training programs semiannually to increase the skill of its manpower.
  • The company should increase the amount of current assets to fulfill the short term obligations.
  • To increase the profit margin ratio, better control of costs is clearly needed.

6.3 Conclusion

Ours is a free market economy, where private sector plays a key role in establishing an industrial base. Without adequate manufacturing firms it is not possible to meet up all the basic needs of the vast population of the country. To meet up various demands of the people of our country private companies are growing. Ring Shine Textiles Ltd. is one of them that are striving to expand its industrial portfolio to meet the needs of a growing population. Ring Shine Textiles Ltd. is committed to the prosperity of Bangladesh. Its enterprises play a positive role in alleviating poverty and generating employment an important objective of our country.

All around the world there has been a noticeable growth and success of the Textiles industry. Being inspired by this excellent growth, financial performance and future prospects of the Yarn & Fabric market, sponsors are confident that it would be beneficial and worthy to invest into the Textiles industry. With this end in view the company has decided to set-up a whole new line of business under the same management.

The excellence of the technology, the genius of company’s personnel, clear vision and commitment of management “Simply the best” in the RSTT Textiles arena is the mainstay of this bold initiative.