Report On Financing SME Loans A Study on Brac Bank Ltd

Report On Financing SME Loans A Study on Brac Bank Ltd

Executive Summary

BRAC Bank Limited is a scheduled Commercial Bank in Bangladesh. It established in Bangladesh under the Banking Companies Act, 1991 and incorporated as Private Limited Company on May 20, 1999 under the Companies Act, 1994. Its operation started on July 4, 2001 with a vision to be the market leader through providing all sorts’ support to people in term of promoting corporate and small entrepreneurs and individuals all over the Bangladesh. BRAC Bank will be a unique organization in Bangladesh. The bank consist of major divisions named 1) Corporate banking, 2) Retail banking, 3) Treasury, 4) Small & Medium Enterprise (SME). At present the Bank operating its business by 147 Branches.

BRAC Bank is the first local commercial banks that proving online banking service to its customers from the very beginning of its starts. BRAC Bank, for the first time among local commercial banks, starts providing loan facilities to small and medium trading, manufacturing and service oriented enterprises all over the country. The Bank has already established its network in different area of the country with assistance of BRAC.

SME Banking Division is a business division of BRAC Bank Limited that deals with Small and Medium sized Entrepreneurs involved in different types of business. SME banking division primarily provides loans to small and medium sized trading, manufacturing, service, agriculture, non-farm activities and agro-based industries located across the country.

The loan products offered by SME Banking Division are ANONNO, PROTHOMA RIN, PROSHAR, BIZNESS LOAN, TRADE PLUS and BUSINESS EQUITY LOAN (BEL). The SME loan range is from BDT 2 lac to BDT 350 lac (Funded: BDT 2 lac to BDT 350 lac, Non Funded: BDT 1 lac to BDT 30 lac). SME banking division offers Term loan, Continuous (Cash covered) loan and Letter of Credit. Short Term: up to 9 months, Long Term: from 12 to 120 months. Moreover there is also a deposit product named PRAPTTI CURRENT ACCOUNT for the SMEs.

To avail a funded SME loan 15 to 25 days are required and for Non Funded SME loan, the timeframe is 1 to 2 days from the date of application, if all the necessary papers are in order. At present, loans are only given to entrepreneurs who have a running business of at least one year. The interest rate of SME loans ranges from 14% to 17.8% on the reducing balance method, depending on the amount and the loan scheme. Collateral is necessary for loan amounts of BDT 10 lac and above. Generally collateral is not necessary for loan amounts ranging from BDT 2 lac to below BDT 10 lac.

The SME loans are usually given for working capital finance, fixed asset finance and trade finance. Loan amount is decided based on the fund requirement calculation, not on the basis of collateral value. However, Lawyer’s opinion is necessary for mortgage purpose. Registry Mortgage is necessary generally when the loan amount is BDT 10 lac or more. At present SME Banking Division has reach in all 64 districts of the country through 428 unit offices.  The functional designation of the loan officers who operate at the unit offices is Customer Relations Officers (CROs).

A zone is comprised of 1-6 unit offices, where the person in-charge of the zone is known as a Zonal Manager. The reporting manager of a CRO is the Zonal Manager (ZM) or Associate Relationship Manager (ARM).  Zonal Managers/ Associate Relationship Managers have the authority to approve a loan up to BDT 6 lac. There are 144 Zonal offices in SME Banking at present. A Territory is comprised of 6-12 zones.  There are 15 territories at present. The reporting of a Zonal Manager is the Territory Manager. The Associate Relationship Managers however report to the Relationship Managers.

For disbursement of any SME loan a clean CIB report is required.  A Valid trade license, rental deed, and any other authorization (if necessary) are the primary documents that are needed to get an SME loan.  A number of information is required along with the loan application form i.e. Inventory list, Accounts Receivables list, Accounts Payables list, Buyers list, Suppliers list, and Fixed Asset list.

Minimum two guarantors are required for an SME loan, one of whom must be a third party guarantor and another from his /her own family.  A third party guarantor may be a businessman or a service holder from the private sector with minimum wealth of 125% of the loan amount. However, for a family guarantor the net wealth condition is not applicable. A guarantor of SME loan can not avail a loan from BRAC Bank as long as he/she is a guarantor.

The core competence of the BRAC Bank is to provide the fastest loans to the clients in this country. To retain this competitive advantage BRAC Bank would provide computer and palmtop facilities whether they can give fastest services to clients than other banks. Also to convey the customer focus, BRAC Bank is trying to reduce collateral securities than other banks. It provides more collateral free secured loans to capture the market. Regarding the services by the CRO, almost all clients are satisfied by getting these quick facilities from them. Though it is pioneer division of this bank, I tried to give an in-depth analysis for every factor, which relates the SME division from the perspective of customer satisfaction and dissatisfaction.



rac Bank Limited is a scheduled commercial bank in Bangladesh. It established in Bangladesh under the Banking Companies Act, 1991 and incorporated as private limited company on May 20, 1999 under the Companies Act, 1994. Its operation started on July 4, 2001 with a vision to be the market leader by providing all sorts of support to people in      term of promoting corporate and small entrepreneurs and individuals all over the Bangladesh.

Brac Bank will be a unique organization in Bangladesh. The Bank consists of major divisions named 1) Corporate banking, 2) Retail banking, 3) Treasury, 4) Small & Medium Enterprise (SME). At present the Bank operating its business by 147 Branches. BRAC Bank is the first local commercial banks that proving online banking service to its customers from the very beginning of its starts.

Brac Bank, for the first time among local commercial banks, starts providing loan facilities to small and medium trading, manufacturing and service oriented enterprises all over the country.

1.1 Origin of the Report 

Free market economy is now world’s concern. Banks are key financial institutions that play a vital role in the country’s economy. The present economic state of Bangladesh demands immediate development of financial institutions. To keep pace with this situation, banks need executives with modern banking knowledge. To supply well-versed graduates, Ahsanullah University of Science & Technology “Master of Business Administration (MBA) program”. As the MBA program is the integrated, theoretical and practical method of teaching students of this program are required to have practical exposure in own different major disciplines in the preceding years of their courses.


After completing M.B.A program of (Ahsanullah University of Science & Technology) are required to undertaken an internship program or Project Report for three months at any organization to get exposure to the real life business practice. To serve this purpose, each student is attached with an organization. I am assigned for preparing a project report on “Financing SME Loans: A Study on BRAC Bank Limited”.

I was authorized to prepare a report on central function of BRAC Bank Ltd. for partial fulfillment of my course requirement. My faculty supervisor Dr. Shyama Pada Biswas, Faculty of Business Studies, Ahsanullah University of Science & Technology has approved the topic and authorized me to prepare this report.

1.2   Objective of the study

Broad Objective

 To know SME documentation process and disbursement activities.

Specific Objective

  • To analyze the SME loan processing activities
  • To know the operational procedure of Asset Operations Department for SME loan processing
  • To analyze strength & weakness of the Asset Operations Department
  • To access the key performance indicator of the department
  • To know the disbursement and recovery procedures of SME loans
  • To know the enterprise selection criteria to provide SME loan
  • To know the terms and conditions of SME loans
  • To know the success factor of SME banking at BRAC Bank Limited.
  • To Analyze micro and macro environment of the economy

1.3 The Scope of the Study  

The report covers the activities of different departments of Head Office of BRAC Bank Limited. It has identified the major activities of banking as well as department wise functions. It only focuses the overall mechanism of banking, in depth analysis of every department & sub sections are not covered here.


Scope of the study is quite clear. Since Asset Operations Department is dealing with all types of loan activities in the bank. So studying these core themes, Opportunities are there to learn other aspects of SME matters.

  • Concept of SME and its impact in overall economy of Bangladesh
  • Entrepreneurship development situation through SME banking
  • Importance of SME banking in context of Bangladesh
  • Pioneer’s strategy regarding SME banking
  • Other bank’s performance in comparison to the SME banking at BBL
  • Small entrepreneurs of rural & urban spectrum are enjoying the BRAC Bank loan
  • Virtual banking concept through SME banking

1.4 Methodology of the Study

I went to BRAC Bank Limited, Head Office for my internee. The basic data both primary and secondary used in the preparation of this report are obtained form:

  • Personal observation of different tasks.
  • Face to face conversation with the bank officers studying of different files and books.
  • Annual report of BRAC Bank Ltd.
  • Periodicals published by Bangladesh Bank.
  • Website of the BRAC Bank Ltd.


1.5 Sources of Data

Both the primary as well as the secondary form of data was used to prepare the report. The details of these sources are highlighted below.

1.5.1.      Primary Sources

Primary data for this report had been collected through the interview, conversation & discussion of different officers in different sections. On the job observation of the officers has helped a lot to know information of banking. The executives & officers of BRAC Bank were quite friendly & cooperative to provide lots of information to prepare this report.

1.5.2.      Secondary Sources

Secondary information was collected from:

  • Annual report of BRAC Bank Ltd.
  • Books on general banking.

1.6   SWOT Analysis

SWOT analysis is an important tool for evaluating the company’s Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. It helps the organization to identify how to evaluate its performance and scan the macro environment, which in turn would help organization to navigate in the turbulent ocean of competition.



Company reputation: BRAC bank has already established a favorable reputation in the banking industry of the country particularly among the new comers. Within a period of 10 years, BBL has already established a firm footing in the banking sector having tremendous growth in the profits and deposits. All these have lead them to earn a reputation in the banking field

Sponsors: BBL has been founded by a group of eminent entrepreneurs of the country having adequate financial strength. The sponsor directors belong to prominent resources persons of the country. The Board of Directors headed by its Chairman Mr. F H Abed. Therefore, BBL has a strong financial strength and it built upon a strong foundation.

Top Management: The top management of the bank is also major strength for the BBL has contributed heavily towards the growth and development of the bank. The top management officials have worked in reputed banks and their years of banking experience, skills, expertise will continue to contribute towards further expansion of the bank. At BBL, the top management is the driving force and the think tank of the organization where policies are crafted and often cascaded down.

Facilities and equipment: BBL has adequate physical facilities and equipments to provide better services to the customers. The bank has computerized and online banking operations under the software called MBS banking operations. Counting machines in the teller counters have been installed for speedy service and the cash counters. Computerized statements for the customers as well as for the internal use of the banks are also available.

Impressive branches: This creates a positive image in the minds of the potential customers and many people get attracted to the bank. This is also an indirect marketing campaign for the bank for attracting customers. 26 Branches of the bank are impressive and are compatible to foreign banks.

Interactive corporate culture: BBL has an interactive corporate culture. Unlike other local organization, BBL’s work environment is very friendly, interactive and informal. There are no hidden barriers or boundaries while interacting between superior or subordinate.

The environment is also lively though the nature of the banking job itself is monotonous and routine.


Teamwork at mid level and lower level: At BBL’s mid level and lower level management, there are often team works. Many jobs are performed in groups of two or three in order to reduce the burden of the workload and enhance the process of completion of the job. People are eager to help each other and people in general are devoted to work.



Advertising and promotion of SME loan: This is a major setback for BBL and one of its weakest areas. BBL’s adverting and promotional activities are satisfactory but it SME loan is not advertised well. It does not expose its SME product to general public and are not in lime light. BBL does not have neon sign or any advertisement for SME loan in the city. As a result people are not aware of the existence of this bank.

NGO name (BRAC): BRAC is one of the largest NGO of the world and it is operating its activities in Bangladesh. BRAC bank is not a NGO bank but many people of the country consider it as a NGO bank like Grameen Bank which is not correct.

Low remuneration package: The remuneration package for the entry and the mid level management is considerably low. The compensation package for BBL entry-level positions is even lower than the contemporary banks. Under the existing low payment structure, it will be very difficult to attract and retain higher educated employees in BBL. Specially CRO’s are not satisfied with compensation package provided to them.



Diversification: BBL can pursue a diversification strategy in expanding its current line of business. The management can consider options of starting merchant banking or diversify in to leasing and insurance. By expanding their business portfolio, BBL can reduce their business risk.

Product line proliferation: In this competitive environment BBL must expand its product line to enhance its sustainable competitive advantage. As a part of its product line proliferation, BBL can introduce the following products.

ATM: This is the fastest growing modern banking concept. BBL should grab this opportunity and take preparation for launching ATM. Since BBL is a local bank, they can form an alliance with other contemporary banks in launching the ATM.



Multinational banks: The emergence of multinational banks and their rapid expansion poses a potential threat to the new growing private banks. Due to the booming energy sector, more foreign banks are expected to arrive in Bangladesh. Moreover, the already existing foreign banks: such as Standard Chartered is now pursuing an aggressive branch expansion strategy. This bank is establishing more branches countrywide and already launched is SME operation. Since the foreign banks have tremendous financial strength, it will pose a threat to local banks.

Upcoming banks: The upcoming private local banks can also pose a threat to the existing private commercial banks like BBL. It is expected that in the next few years more local private banks may emerge. If that happens the intensity of competition will rise further and banks will have to develop strategies to compete against an on slaughter of foreign banks.

Contemporary banks: The contemporary banks of BBL such as Dhaka bank, prime bank, and Dutch Bangla are its major rivals. Prime bank and other banks are carrying out aggressive campaign to attract lucrative clients as well as big time depositors.

Default culture: This is a major problem in Bangladesh. As BBL is a new organization, the problem of non-performing loans or default loans is very minimum or insignificant. However, as the bank becomes older this problem arises and the whole community suffers from this chronic diseases. BBL has to remain vigilant about this problem so that proactive strategies are taken to minimize this problem if not elimination.

1.7   Limitations of the Study

Like any other study the limitations of the study is not out of questions, but the following factors seem to me the main points of weakness of this study:

 The major limitations of this report are as follows:

  • Large-scale research was not possible due to time constraints.
  • Relevant date and document collection were difficult due to the organization confidentiality.
  • Non availability of data in a systematic way.
  • Time constraint.
  • Availability of the reference book is another limitation.
  • It is very busy office. In this place employees get very little time to teach theoretical knowledge to the trainee.
  • I was not able to visit the different branches of BRAC Bank Ltd.

2.1. An Overview of BRAC Bank Ltd.


rac Bank Limited, one of the latest generations of commercial banks, which started its journey on the 4th of July 2001 with a vision to be the absolute market leader. Brac Bank is a commercial scheduled bank extending full range of banking facilities as per the directives of Bangladesh bank. It intends to set standards as the absolute market leader by providing efficient, friendly and modern fully automated on-line service on a profitable basis. BRAC Bank in surviving in the large banking arena through its unique and competitive products and it is the only local bank providing 100% integrated on- line banking.

Brac Bank Limited, with institutional shareholdings by BRAC, International Finance Corporation (IFC) and Shore cap International, has been the fastest growing Bank in 2004 and 2005. At the year end of 2005, BRAC Bank had recorded a 103 percent growth in assets, and a 65 percent growth in liabilities, with an operating profit of 84 percent over the previous year 2004.

A fully operational commercial bank, Brac Bank focuses on pursuing unexplored market niches in the Small and Medium Enterprise Business, which hitherto has remained largely untapped within the country. In the last four years of operation, the Bank has disbursed over BDT 1200 crore in loans to nearly 32,000 small and medium entrepreneurs. The management of the Bank believes that this sector of the economy can contribute the most to the rapid generation of employment in Bangladesh.

The Bank is mainly owned by the largest NGO in Bangladesh- BRAC .The Bank has positioned itself as a new generation Bank with a focus to meet diverse financial need a growing and developing economy.

The Bank has embarked with an avowed policy to promote broad based participation in the Banish economy through the provision of high quality banking service based on latest information technology. The Bank will ensure this by increasing access to economic opportunities for all individuals and businesses in Bangladesh with a special focus on currently under served enterprises and households across the rural urban spectrum. We believe that increasing the ability’ of under served individuals and enterprises to build their asset base and access market opportunities will increase the economic well being for all Bangladeshis.

2.2 Brand Promise

                            “Astha Obichol”.


2.3 Vision

Building a profitable and socially responsible financial institution focused on                                       Markets and Business with growth potential, thereby assisting BRAC and  stakeholders build a “just, enlightened, healthy, democratic and poverty free    Bangladesh”. Breaking barrier within 2009.


2.4 Mission

  • Sustained growth in ‘Small & Medium Enterprise’ sector.
  • Continuous low cost deposit growth with controlled growth in Retained Assets.
  • Corporate Assets to be funded through self-liability mobilization. Growth in Assets through Syndications and Investment in faster growing sectors.
  • Continuous endeavor to increase fee based income.
  • Keep our Debt Charged at 2% to maintain a steady profitable growth.
  • Achieve efficient synergies between the bank’s Branches, SME Unit offices and BRAC field offices for delivery of Remittance and Bank’s other products and services.
  • Manage various lines of business in a fully controlled environment with no compromise on service quality.
  • Keep a diverse, far flung team fully motivated and driven towards materializing the bank’s vision into reality.


2.5 Objective of the bank

  • To provide wide range of financial services professionally, efficiently and competitively to achieve per-eminent position in chosen market.
  • Diversity revenue stream through product innovation.
  • A Well-diversified credit portfolio, which produces a reliable and consistent return to investment.

2.6 Business Units

There are five different business units generating business BRAC Bank Limited:

  • Small & Medium Enterprise (SME)
  • Corporate Banking
  • Retail Banking
  • Treasury
  • Remittance Services

All the units are being operated in a centralized manner to minimize costs and risks.

2.7 Information Technology in Banking Operation

Bank Limited has adopted automation in banking operation from the first day of its business. The main objective of this automation is to provide efficient and prompt services to its valued clients. At present all the branches of the bank are computerized to provide best security to the information.BRAC Bank Limited is providing comprehensive range of banking services with utmost care and efficiency to its Consumer. Ascend Millennium Banking System is developed and customized by South Tech Ltd. Several numbers of system analyst and programmers are dedicated towards development and customization of the software and after sale service.

2.8 Technology

BRAC Bank Limited Brings 19 branches under one umbrella, introducing SMS Banking, Internet Banking and interfacing ATM Network through the Online Banking software which has been the major achievements. Consequently our Consumer are enjoying services from Anywhere Anytime. BRAC Bank is the first bank to online the rural branches.



2.9 Challenges

  • Ensure compliant BRAC Bank.
  • Achieve satisfactory Audit rating for CSD.
  • Ensure efficient CONSUMER services to our internal and external clients.
  • ATM support.
  • Smooth operation of CSD functions.
  • Develop and retain efficient human resources for CSD team.

2.10 Initiatives

  • Strength CSD tools by developing CSD Operation, monitoring processes and efficient people.
  • Develop and implement quarterly self audit questionnaire.
  • Set Smooth and efficient Service delivery Process for our CONSUMER.
  • Develop efficient working force by providing hands on training, relevant HR training courses.
  • Conduct in-house training program on B.Bank & BRAC Bank Regulations.

2.11 Corporate Social Responsibility

Just as BRAC Bank have a corporate identity and also a social identity too. As a bank BRAC Bank are socially responsible. Fifty percent of It’s Loan portfolio is diverted to Small and Medium Enterprise banking, and as a financial intermediary it channel funds from the surplus ends to the needy. Country-wide network of SME Units cater to the needs of small entrepreneurs to help them build their asset base. BRAC Bank is market leaders in SME, striving for socio-economic upheaval in Bangladesh.It does not support any finances that are detrimental to our environment. A portion of its revenue is channeled to support BRAC schools, where children study for free. 70% of these children are female.


2.12 Corporate Information

Date of Incorporation                                                               : May 20, 1999

Date of Commencement of Commercial Operation           : July 04, 2001

No. of Branch                                                                             : 19

No of Unit Office                                                                        : 279

2.13 Shareholding Structure

Shareholding Structure

BRAC  31.74%
IFC  9.50%
Shore Cap International  8.76%
General Public through IPO  40%
Non-Residents Bangladeshi’s  5%
Mutual funds through IPO  5%
Total  100%

 brac bank


2.14 Board of Directors


Board of Directors

Mr. Muhammad A. (Rumee) Ali

Mr. Quazi Md.Shariful Ala

Mr. Mark A. Coffey (Nominated by ShoreCap International Limited)

Ms. Tamara Hasan Abed

  Mr. Shib Narayan Kairy

  Ms. Nihad Kabir
Director (Independent)

  Dr. Hafiz G.A. Siddiqi

  Mr. A. E. A. Muhaimen
Managing Director and CEO


2.15 Management of the Brac Bank

The Board of Directors is the top management and policy-making body of BRAC Bank limited. Presently the Board consists of a chairman and four directors. It is to be noted that the Managing Director, is also a member of the Board. The Directors are appointed from amongst those who have had experience and shown capacity in the field of finance and banking, trade, commerce, industry agriculture.

The Chief Operations Officer executes all the activities under the direction of the Board. The officers and the other line and staff personnel are appointed by Bank’s own Recruitment Committee.

 brac bank

2.16 Management Team

Mr. A. E. A. Muhaimen
Managing Director & CEO

Mr. Syed Mahbubur Rahman
Deputy Managing Director

Mr. Tarique A Bhuiyan
Chief Information Officer

Mr. Nabil Mustafizur Rahman
Chief Credit Officer

Mr. Mohd. Rafat Ullah Khan
Head of Corporate IAM & Credit Inspection

Mr. Rais Uddin Ahmad
Company Secretary &
Head of Regulatory & Internal Control

Mr. Naushad Hussain
Head of Probashi Banking

Ms. Tahniyat Ahmed Karim
Head of Human Resources Division

Mr. Mohammed Rahmat Pasha
Head of Treasury & Financial Institutions

Mr. Abedur Rahman Sikder
Head of Alternate Banking &
Acting Head of Corporate Affairs

Mr. Khwaja Shahriar
Head of Corporate Banking

Mr. Md. Sarwar Ahmed
Head of Impaired Asset Management

Mr. Shah Alam Bhuiyan
Head of Operations

Mr. Faruk Ahammad
Chief Financial Officer

Mr. Firoz Ahmed Khan
Head of Retail Banking








3.1 Basic Appraisal of Small &Medium Enterprise


usiness or project appraisal is a technique of evaluating and analyzing Business from various aspects, primarily the risks associated with that business enterprise. At the time of appraisal of any manufacturing, trading or service related organization, factory or industry; one has to perform a feasibility study on the different aspects. These are:

  • Management and Personal Aspects
  • Technical Aspects
  • Marketing Aspects
  • Financial Aspects
  • Social Economic Aspects
  • Security Aspect


Management and personal aspects

During the appraisal prosecute the Customer Relation Officer (CRO) should endeavor to obtain details about the prospective borrowers, some of which are:

  • Business related information
  • Credit History
  • Liquidity Information
  • Management Background

In considering the above, one should look at the business is managed. CRO should also consider clients previous credit history like facilitates sought and availed, loan repayment an overdue record, if anyone checks the client’s bank account and amount of balance maintained. Management’s qualification, experience, successor and maintenance of records should provide insight in to the business.


Technical Aspects

From a business perspective, this aspects deals with design of the system in place, the operation of the business, the different type of physical resources used, the technology used, the capacity to handle business and all other inputs.  Labor, raw materials, utilities etc.) Among the technical factors to be investigated during an appraisal are:

  • The size of project
  • The process, materials, equipment, and reliability of technical systems to be used
  • Location of projects
  • Sustainability of the plans, layout and design used
  • Total quantity of the goods /Service produced/Traded monthly
  • Environment of the business and its surrounding areas
  • Availability to various factors of production, both physical and human
  • Raw materials availability, price level and its variation to be considered


Marketing Aspects

A CRO should consider the following factors of a business before making any loan commitment with a customer:

Total demand and supply of the products in the market that the business operates in growth of sales and major marketing threats that the business may face.


Financial Aspects

This aspect allows us to check the financial health of a business, through an analysis of the profit and loss account, balance sheet, cash flows, ratios, and requirement of working capital. If the collection of the financial data can be done properly, then it may be able to make a somewhat realistic picture of the business financial position. How ever, all the data collected must be crosschecked as much as possible with the physical features of business.

The following things are to be considered and determined at the time of verifying the financial feasibility of the business:

  • Current year’s profit/loss of the business & probable profitability of business after taking loan
  • Determination of assets, liabilities and net worth of the manufacturing/ trading / service institution before and after taking loan
  • Present net cash flow of the business after disbursement of loan should be determined,
  • To know the cash position of the institution
  • To know the source of income, production and other expenditure of the business probable financial risks of the business.

Socio Economic Aspects

Here the analyst like to observe the contribution of the business to the country’s GDP, the employment generated, the sort of adverse impact of the business on the environment, if another benefit to the country.


Security Aspects

Along with observation of different aspects and views of the projects, the CRO should also see closely the aspects of the projects and ensure about the reliability to the mortgaged property/assets. Ensure proper survey or verification of the security offered, Ensure attachment of survey report.

3.2 Products & Services

SME Banking Division is a business division of BRAC Bank Limited that deals with Small and Medium sized Entrepreneurs involved in different types of business. SME banking division primarily provides loans to small and medium sized trading, manufacturing, service, agriculture, non-farm activities and agro-based industries located across the country.

The loan products offered by SME Banking Division are ANONNO, PROTHOMA RIN, PROSHAR, BIZNESS LOAN, TRADE PLUS and BUSINESS EQUITY LOAN (BEL). The SME loan range is from BDT 2 lac to BDT 350 lac (Funded: BDT 2 lac to BDT 350 lac, Non Funded: BDT 1 lac to BDT 30 lac). SME banking division offers Term loan, Continuous (Cash covered) loan and Letter of Credit. Short Term: up to 9 months, Long Term: from 12 to 120 months. Moreover there is also a deposit product named PRAPTTI CURRENT ACCOUNT for the SMEs.

To avail a funded SME loan 15 to 25 days are required and for Non Funded SME loan the timeframe is 1 to 2 days from the date of application, if all the necessary papers are in order. At present generally, loans are only given to entrepreneurs who have a running business of at least one year.

The interest rate of SME loans ranges from 14% to 17.8% on the reducing balance method, depending on the amount and the loan scheme. Collateral is necessary for loan amounts of BDT 10 lac and above. Generally collateral is not necessary for loan amounts ranging from BDT 2 lac to below BDT 10 lac.

It is compulsory for a borrower to have a current A/C either with BBL or with a correspondent bank branch if there is no BBL branch or SME sales & service center in the locality. The City Bank Ltd, Janata Bank, Bangladesh Krishi Bank, Pubali Bank Ltd, Agrani Bank, Rupali Bank Limited are the correspondent banks of BRAC Bank. Bank transaction record is mandatory for Anonno (Ovedraft), Bizness Loan, Trade Plus & Business Equity Loan (BEL) only.

The SME loans are usually given for working capital finance, fixed asset finance and trade finance. Loan amount is decided based on the fund requirement calculation, not on the basis of collateral value. However, Lawyer’s opinion is necessary for mortgage purpose. Registry Mortgage is necessary generally when the loan amount is BDT 10 lac or more.

Working capital finance can be maximized up to 100% of the net required working capital or 75% of the sum total of inventory, advance payment and receivables whichever is lower. Fixed asset finance cannot be more than 90% of the purchase price, but the debt equity ratio in fixed assets investment in the projected year (after purchase of new fixed assets) cannot be more than 1 (one). A customer can apply for a repeat loan when 80% of the previous loan tenure has passed and made a satisfactory repayment. If all installments are paid on due dates, they will also get a concession on the existing interest rate.

Generally SME only provides business loans in the enterprise’s name. However, loan can be sanctioned in the personal name of the borrowers, if the tenant borrower cannot obtain trade license showing his name as owner of the business due to the conditionality imposed by the market committee/owner. Fire insurance is mandatory to avail a loan except for a few concerns like poultry, fishery, farming & wood business (preserve under water).


For disbursement of any SME loan a clean CIB report is required.  A Valid trade license, rental deed, and any other authorization (if necessary) are the primary documents that are needed to get an SME loan.  A number of information is required along with the loan application form i.e. Inventory list, Accounts Receivables list, Accounts Payables list, Buyers list, Suppliers list, and Fixed Asset list.


Minimum two guarantors are required for an SME loan, one of whom must be a third party guarantor and another from his /her own family.  A third party guarantor may be a businessman or a service holder from the private sector with minimum wealth of 125% of the loan amount. However, for a family guarantor the net wealth condition is not applicable. A guarantor of SME loan can not avail a loan from BRAC Bank as long as he/she is a guarantor.

3.3 Fees & Charges

Stamp cost: 

It is the cost that will be needed in future for legal procedures. For an SME loan the stamp cost is BDT 620 only.

Loan Application Fees: 

The borrower has to pay BDT 200 and 15% VAT thereon as the loan application fees at the time of loan disbursement.

Loan Processing Fees: 

Loan Processing Fee of SME loan ranges from 1% to 2.5% plus VAT of the loan amount.

Early Settlement Fees:

Early settlement fees of 1% to 5% plus VAT thereon will be charged on the outstanding amount for early settlement of EMI loans of SME Banking. There is no early settlement fee for Non EMI loans. If a client misses the installment date, he/she will have to pay day-wise interest on the outstanding amount.


3.4 Repayment


EMI stands for Equated Monthly Installments. It is the system where installments are paid in equal amount on a monthly basis.

Single payment system:

It is the system where interest is paid monthly and the total principle is paid at maturity (except for Anonno loan). For Anonno loan 70% repayment of the principal will be realized in the following month of the highest sales/cash collection and the rest 30% will be realized in the following second month.


At present SME Banking Division has a reach in all 64 districts of the country through 429 unit offices.  The functional designation of the loan officers who operate at the unit offices is Customer Relations Officers (CROs).

 A zone is comprised of 1-6 unit offices, where the person in-charge of the zone is known as a Zonal Manager. The reporting manager of a CRO is the Zonal Manager (ZM) or Associate Relationship Manager (ARM).  Zonal Managers/ Associate Relationship Managers have the authority to approve a loan up to BDT 6 lac. There are 144 Zonal offices in SME Banking at present.

 A Territory is comprised of 6-12 zones.  There are 15 territories at present. The reporting of a Zonal Manager is the Territory Manager. The Associate Relationship Managers however report to the Relationship Managers.


SME Sales and Service Center:

SME Sales and Service Center is a distribution point of BRAC Bank Limited to render banking services to the SME sector across the country by reaching them quickly, effectively, conveniently & in a focused way.

 Objectives of SME Sales and Service Center are attached below:

 Rendering banking services to SMEs in a cost effective way

  • Allowing SMEs to systematically withdraw loan amount
  • Smooth recovery of SME loans
  • Receive & deliver foreign remittance to concerned payees
  • Reduce dependency on correspondent banks to disburse loans through & collect repayment

 SME Sales and Service Center has added new dimensions in catering SMEs with both loan and deposit products i.e. a complete banking solutions.

3.5 Units of SMS Banking Division

 Small Business

This largest business unit of SME Banking Division has long been providing loans to Small entrepreneurs. This business wing offers varying products. SME entrepreneurs mostly require small finance that this business unit has successfully been offering to all level of SME borrowers.

Medium Business

This business unit meets the financing requirements of medium entrepreneurs. Special products have been designed to serve the customers of this segment.

Product Development

This unit develops customized and need based products for small and medium entrepreneurs. Product Development wing also develops campaign and takes initiative to design merchandises, with the help of the creative and communication division.

 SME Administration

This unit is comprised of several wings one of which is Compliance Reporting which ensure compliance of internal policies & Bangladesh Bank regulations to the unit offices, deals with client requests and queries. Another wing named Coordination maintains liaison of SME Head office with SME unit offices & other departments. Legal guidance and assistance is also extended to personnel at SME unit offices through this unit. Monitoring unit reviews prevailing processes of SME Banking Division & ensures meticulous business reporting for smooth operation.


3.6 Products of SMS Banking

ANONNO: A collateral free business loan to one year going concern i.e. small and medium sized trading, manufacturing, service, agriculture, non-farm activities, agro-based industries etc. all over Bangladesh.

PROTHOMA RIN: An asset product offered to women entrepreneurs to expand their businesses. This product’s main objective is to help women entrepreneurs to meet their short-term cash flow shortages or bridge the fund-flow gaps.

PROSHAR: Proshar is a loan facility for Small and medium sized manufacturing industries located in the surrounding areas of unit offices across the country. It is primarily meant for working capital finance/ fixed asset purchase for the business.

BIZNESS LOAN: This loan facility caters cash flow requirement of medium sized enterprises located around the unit offices which are at proximity of the BRAC Bank Branches. To avail this loan facility healthy banking track record is required and medium sized entrepreneurs can avail this loan facility against 30% to 50% cash security.

TRADE PLUS: This product offers both funded & non funded loan facility to import oriented Small & Medium Entrepreneurs and constantly supports them to smoothly operate their import activities.

Business Equity Loan (BEL): Business Equity Loan is the loan facility for SME entrepreneurs to meet their short or long term cash flow requirement or bridge the fund flow gaps.

3.7 Organizational Layout of BRAC Bank SME Loan


  • Credit Division
  • Business Development Division
  • MIS Division

SME Loan process flow is shown below-

When a client comes for a loan request, first he meets a CRO, then the following process take place: brac bank

4.1 World Economy- An over view


s we enter into the new millennium the process of trade liberalization and globalization have presented new challenges as well as greater opportunities. Economic boundaries of nations are being abolished and the world is gradually becoming a global village, in the beginning of the year 1999 the Euro currency started to replace the currency of eleven European Union countries.

 In the financial service sector profound changes have been taking place globally. E-commerce is becoming the predominant mode of transactions. We are witnessing revolutionary changes in the fields of cost control, retail channels, range and delivery of services, accessibility and reach. These changes have already triggered off reorganization, amalgamation, and takeover of financial institution globally.

4.2 Bangladesh Economy An over view

The economy has grown 5-6% per year since 1996 despite political instability, poor infrastructure, corruption, insufficient power supplies, and slow implementation of economic reforms. Bangladesh remains a poor, overpopulated, and inefficiently-governed nation.

Although more than half of GDP is generated through the service sector, 45% of Bangladeshis are employed in the agriculture sector, with rice as the single-most-important product. Bangladesh’s growth was resilient during the 2008-09 global financial crisis and recession. Garment exports, totaling $12.3 billion in FY09 and remittances from overseas Bangladeshis totaling $9.7 billion in FY09 accounted for almost 25% of GDP.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$259.3 billion (2010 est.)

 $244.6 billion (2009 est.)

$231.4 billion (2008 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):
$105.4 billion (2009 est.)

GDP – real growth rate:
6% (2010 est.)

5.7% (2009 est.)

6% (2008 est.)
GDP – per capita:
$1,700 (2010 est.)
$1,600 (2009 est.)

GDP – composition by sector:
agriculture: 18.4%
industry: 28.7%
services: 52.9% (2009 est.)

Labor force:
73.87 million
extensive export of labor to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Oman, Qatar, and Malaysia; workers’ remittances estimated at $10.9 billion in 2009-10 (2009 est.)

Labor force – by occupation:
agriculture: 45%
industry: 30%
services: 25% (2008)
Unemployment rate:

5.1% (2010 est.)

5.1% (2009 est.)
About 40% of the population is underemployed; many participants in the labor force work only a few hours a week, at low wages

Industrial production growth rate:
6.4% (2009 est.)

Population below poverty line:
36.3% (2008 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
8.1% (2010 est.)
5.4% (2009 est.)

$16.24 billion (2010)

$15.58 billion (2009)

$21.34 billion (2010)
$20.3 billion (2009)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$10.79 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
$10.34 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Exchange rates:
taka (BDT) per US dollar – 70.59 (2010), 69.039 (2009), 68.554 (2008), 69.893 (2007), 69.031 (2006)

4.3 Economic development and the evolving of BRAC Bank Limited

The context of the financial and economic condition of Bangladesh, 2008-2009 was a remarkable year. September 11, 2005 tragedy when deteriorating the world economy, also affected our economy. But effort for implementation of the ongoing reforms in the financial and others of the economy were strengthened and a pragmatic approach to macroeconomic management was adopted during the year under report.

To bring about desired pace in overall economic activities a moderately accommodative monetary policy was pursued during 2007-2008 in close consonance with the rehabilitation and development programmed. Of course there was a policy for keeping inflection at a tolerable rate. The face of overall economic activities in the country gathered momentum during 2007-2008 for extending agricultural loans at easy terms and for arrangement and supply of agricultural input including fertilizers in a fair price.

As a result an agriculture friendly environment was created in the country. Growth rate of GDP has been strengthened during the year mainly due to strong expansion of agriculture sector and significant pickup of export demand right and effective policy at the right time in successful implementation of agriculture rehabilitation program and hard labor of the country’s toiling production contributed to humped production of food crops during the year.  As a result, total food grain production increased by 14.2% bolstering overall output growth of the agricultural sector up from 3.3% in 2007-2008 to 5.5% in 2008-2009.

Improved global economic environment led to perceptible buoyancy of demand for Bangladesh export commodities, which also helped increased industrial productions. Growth rate of the industrial sector increased from 3.2% in 2007-2008 to 4.3% 2008-2009.

As a result, overall growth rate of GDP accelerated from 5.3% in the previous year to 5.52% in 2008-2009. The gross domestic savings in the current market prices during the year under report increased by Tk. 3999.80 crore or 10.3% to Tk. 42901.40 crore and gross investments increased by Tk. 5393.00 crore or 11.1% to Tk. 54150.5 crore.

In this context a new dynamic bank emerged named BRAC Bank, a fully online scheduled commercial bank opened in 2001, is dedicated to offer its clientele truly international standard banking services. BRAC Banks customer friendly product with convenient features is all designed to meet the grouting and changing needs. Most important, The BRAC Bank has a team of expert sales persons who will take banking at the doorsteps of customers.

Data Source: Source:


he main focus of BRAC Bank is to develop human and economic position of a country. Its function is not limited only providing and recovering of loan. But also try to develop economy of a country. So reasons for this program from the viewpoint of BBL:

  • Support Small Enterprise

The small enterprise, which requires 2 to 30, lacks Tk. loan, but these has no easy access to the banks/financial institutions. For example: In the of 3 to 8 lacs amount of loans is provided without any kind of mortgage.

  • Economic Development

Economic development of a country largely depends on the small and medium seal enterprises. Such as, if we analyze the development history of Japan, the development of small & medium scale enterprises expedite the development of that country.

  • Employment Generation

The bank gearing employment opportunities by two ways: Firstly, by providing loan to the small enterprises expanding, these businesses require more workers. Secondly, Small & Medium Enterprise (SME) program requires educated and energetic people to provide support to entrepreneurs.

  • Profit Marking

SME program is a new dimensional banking system in the banking world. Most of the CRO’s are providing door-to-door services to the entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs are satisfied by the service of the bank and make profit.

  • Encourage Manufacturing

The focus of BRAC Bank is to encourage manufacturing by the entrepreneurs who produce by purchasing various types of materials. CRO try to educate them to produce material if possible because if they can produce in line of purchase profits will be high.

  • Spread the experience

Another reason of BRAC Bank is to spread the knowledge on the importance of SME banking regarding various businesses. The customer services officer share their knowledge from various businesses and tries to help the entrepreneurs who have shortage of the gathered knowledge. CRO’s who are the driving force of SME division of BRAC Bank also gather knowledge about various businesses and make stronger knowledge base.


5.1. Security Documentation against Loan

A document is a written statement of facts and a proof or evidence of particular transaction between parties involved. While allowing any disbursements against credit facilities to borrowers, it should be ensured that prior to any disbursements; security documentation is fully and properly completed.


a) Purpose of Decorate Documentation and its Importance

Documentation is necessary for the acknowledgement of a debt and its terms and conditions by the borrower and the creation of charge on the securities in favor of the bank by the borrower. Correct and proper documentation allows a bank to take legal measures against the default borrowers.

If filing a suit with the courts against a default borrower becomes necessary, the court will first review all documents. If any of the documents is found to be defect or incomplete, the purpose of security documentation will be defeated and a court ruling in favor the bank cannot be expected. Proper care should, therefore, be taken while completing security documentation.

b) Type of Securities

The following listed securities may be obtained from borrower against loan to enterprises, either individually or in a combination.

It is really up to the bank what they would like to accept as security from the borrower as not all the securities stated below are suitable:

  • Mortgage of loan and other immovable property with power of attorney to sell
  • Lien of Fixed Deposits receipts with banks and other non-banking financial institutions, lined, these have to confirm by the issuer.
  • Lien of Pratirakshay sanchay patra, Bangladesh sanchay patra, ICB unit certificates and wage earner development bond, all considered Quasi or Near cash items
  • Lien of shares quoted in the stock exchange (This is rarely accepted)
  • Pledge of goods (Banks are akin to stay away from such securities now a days)
  • Hypothecation of Goods, Book Debt & Receivables, Plant & Machineries
  • Charge on fixed assets of a manufacturing enterprise
  • Lien of cheque, Drafts and order
  • Shipping documents of imported goods


c) Land Related Securities Documentation Process

Each SME unit offices are lilies with at least two local lawyers who will work on behalf of the bank. These always will be employed whenever a borrower and where the security will be landed and immovable property accept a loan sanction.

Any one of the lawyers will be provided with photocopies of all the relevant land related documents and while handing over show the original documents to them, the lawyers will carry out checks of the originals and if satisfied returned to the borrower. The documents generally provided are:

  • Title Deeds or Deed of conveyance otherwise known as ‘Jomeer Dalil’ which signifies ownership of a particular land.
  • Baya Dalil or Chain of Documents, which signifies that the conveyance of titles has been proper and legal.
  • Mutation Certificate if Khatian which signifies that the title if the land has been duly registered in the Government/Sub-registrar’s records.
  • Duplicate Carbon Receipt or DCR
  • Latest Khajna or land rent receipt
  • Purchase such as CS Khatian, SA Khatian and BS Khatian
  • Mouja Map
  • Municipal rent receipts if the land falls within a municipal area

The lawyer will then carry out a search at the Sub-registrar of land’s office to check if the proffered land is actually registered in the name of the proposed mortgagor and whether the said land is free from any encumbrances. The Sub-register’s office, which means that the land or immovable property can be mortgaged to the bank, then the lawyer will provide his own opinion on the acceptability of the property, whether it is legally held and explain the chain of ownership.

If all is acceptable, the lawyer will draw up the Mortgage Deed that will be registered, the irrevocable power if attorney to sell the land and the Memorandum of Deposit of Title Deed. The lawyer will have the borrower or the Mortgagor, if different or 3rd party, sign the documents in front of the Sub-registrar of land to register the mortgage, The CRO must ensure that the receipt for the original Mortgage deed must be signed off (Discharged) at the back of the receipt so that the bank may obtain the originals in the future.

The borrower will bear all the charges and will pay directly at the Sub-Registrar’s office including the cost of the stamp paper required. The cost of the lawyer will also be realized from the borrower be an account payee cheque in favor of the lawyer and handed over to the lawyer straight away.

The charges related to the creation of mortgages and other associated costs are incorporated in a separated sheet and are attached herewith. The CRO will have all other security documents, as sent by SME HO, signed by the borrower and hand carry all the security documents including all the original land documents and deliver those to the credit administration officer who will check the list of documents and receive those through a check list in writing. The credit administration officer once satisfied will prepare the disbursement memo to disburse the loan.

d) Mortgage

i) Equitable Mortgage or Memorandum of Deposit of Title Deeds

It is created by a simple deposit of title deeds supported by a Memorandum of Deposit of Title Deeds along with all the relevant land documents. All the searches and verification of documents as stated above must be carried out to validate the correct ownership of the property. This deed also provides the bank power to register the property in favor of the bank for further security, if needed.

ii) Registered Mortgage

It is created by an execution of a Mortgage Deed registered irrevocably in favor of the bank at the Sub-Registrar of land’s office. This virtually gives the bank the right to posses and self if accompanied with a registered irrevocable power of attorney to sell the property executed by the owner of the property, in case of default.


e) Basic Charge Documents

i) Sanction Letter

Once a loan is approved, the borrower is advised by a ‘Sanction or offer letter’ which states the terms and condition s under which all credit facilities are offered and which forms an integral part of their security documentation. If the borrower accepts, then a contract between the bank and the borrower is formed and which both party are obligated to perform. Accordingly, all other charge documents and securities are drawn up and obtained.

A standard sanction letter is attached herewith. All documents shall be stamped correctly and adequately before or at the time of execution. An un-stamped or insufficiently stamped document will not form basis of suit. Stamps are of 4 (Four) kinds. These are Judicial, Non-judicial, Adhesive and embossed impressed. Documents to be executed (Signed) by the borrowers concerned must be competent to do so in official capacity.

Following precautions should be taken at the time of execution of the security documents:

  • The signature on the documents should be made in the presence of the CRO. The CRO should sign as witness on all charge documents.
  • The document are to be filled in with permanent ink or typed
  • If the document consist more than 1 page, the borrower should sign on each page
  • If the signature of any third party is required to be obtained whose specimen signature is not available, then the main applicant should verify the specimen signature of the third party
  •  No document or column in any document should remain blank
  • As far as possible there should be no erasure, cancellation or alternation in the document. If, however, there is any correction, overwriting or alteration, then that must be authenticated by a full signature of the signatory.

After stamping and execution of documents, the question of registration comes up. However, not all documents are required to be registered. For the extension of any type of credit/loan facility, the following loan documents, which are considered basic, should be obtained from all borrowers:

  • Demand Promissory Note
  • Letter of Continuity (This is not always taken if there is only loan disbursement)
  • Letter of Arrangement
  • General Loan Agreement
  • Letter of Disbursement
  • General Loan Agreement
  • Letter of Disbursement; Basically a letter requesting disbursement of the loan
  • Letter of Installment, in case the facility is to be repaid in installment

Other Basic Charge Documents

i) Demand Promissory Note (DP Note)

It is a written promise by a borrower to pay the whole amount of existing or future loans/credit facilities on demand. It also gives the banks power to ask the borrower to repay the loan amount with interest without any prior notice. Section 4 of the Negotiable Instrument Act 1881 defines a promissory note as an instrument in writing, signed by the maker, to pay a certain sum of money only to, or the order of, a certain person, or to the bearer of the instrument, following precautions are to be taken while preparing a promissory note.

Type the amount of the credit facility/loan in words and in figures. Type the rate of interest for the loan, which the borrower will subject to verify the signature of the borrower.

ii) Letter of Continuity

This instrument is used in conjunction with the demand promissory note. This is to secure rights of recovery for existing and future credit facility, which are advanced in parts or on a recovery basis. Loan accounts may from time to time be reduced or even the balance in the said loan account may be in credit so this instrument, validates the said D.P Note, for making further drawings under the facility continuously possible.

iii) Letter of Arrangement

This is a right given by the borrower to the bank to cancel the facility at any time without having to assign any reason. This is also an acknowledgement by the borrower that the credit facility has been approved in his favor and the borrower has to execute all necessary documents to avail credit facility.

iv) General Loan Agreement

A loan agreement is an agreement of contract stating the general terms for the extension of a loan or credit facilities. The General loan agreement sets out the general standard terms and conditions governing the existing or future extension of loan or erudite facilities to the borrower.

v) Letter of Disbursement

This is a simple letter requesting disbursement of the loan/credit facilities at the agreed rate of interest.

Other Security Documents

i) Letter of Undertaking

This is a Deed of agreement executed by the borrower agreeing to commit to carry out any or a particular obligation to avail of loan/credit facility.

ii) Letter of Hypothecation of Goods & Stocks and Book Debt and Receivable:

These letters Hypothecation are actually two different sets of documents but because of their similarity, these are being explained together. These documents create an equitable or floating charge in favor of the bank over the goods and services and/ or book debts and receivables that are being financed where neither the ownership nor the possession is passed to the bank.

Under this agreement, the borrower undertakes to keep the percent stock of goods and that, which may increase from time to time in good condition in future, in good condition. This hypothecation gives the bank the power to possesses and sell the mentioned goods and stocks or claims the book debts directly from the debtors in order to settle the borrower’s dues to the bank.

iii) Letter of Hypothecation of Plant & Machinery

Under this agreement, the Borrower undertakes to keep the present plant and machinery at the present location in good condition and which gives the bank the power to posses and sell the mentioned plant and machinery to meet the borrower’s dues to the bank. In case of limited company, both private and public, these Letters of Hypothecation with schedules are usually registered with the Registrar of Joint Stock of Companies (RJSC) that provides more security to the banks.

iv) Letter of Lien

A lien the right of one person to retain property in his hands belonging to another until certain legal demands against the owner of the property by the person in possession are satisfied. Thus a bank or a creditor  who has in its possession a lien over the goods in respect of the money due by the borrower, as a general rule has the right to exercise certain powers to hold on to the security.

In addition, if the bank has right to set off the value of the said goods or instrument in its possession, then the bank can sell the goods or encase the instrument to liquidate the dues by the borrower.

v) Right of Set Off

This deed of agreement gives the bank the right to offset the value of the goods or financial instrument in its possession and which has been discharged by the owner of that asset, against dues owned by the borrower.


vi) Letter of Disbursement

This agreement gives the bank the right to possess goods and other assets in rented or leased premises of the borrower despite the fact that owner or the premises may be unable to realize dues from the borrower himself.

vii) Personal Guarantees

This is a guarantee of a person or third who is not the direct beneficiary of the loan/credit facility but is equally liable for the loan. The involvement of a 3rd party creates additional pressure on the borrower to minimize the risk. The guarantor is the person who has to pay the entire outstanding loan and interest if the borrower fails to pay for any reason.

5.2 Selection of Potential Enterprise for SME

Enterprise Selection Criteria

The success of SME will largely depend on the selection of a business and man behind it. In terms of the business (Enterprise), the following attributes should be sought:

  • The business must be in operation for at least one year
  • The business should be environment friendly, no narcotics or tobacco business
  • The business should be legally registered, i.e., valid trade license, income tax or VAT registration, wherever applicable.
  • The business should be in legal trade, i.e.; smuggling will not be allowed or socially unacceptable business will not be entertained.
  • The business must have a defined market with a clear potential growth
  • The business must be located ideally close to the market and the source of its raw materials/suppliers. It should have access to all the utilities, skilled manpower’s that are required.
  • Any risk assessed by the management in turn will become a credit risk for the bank. So effort should make to understand the risk faced by the business.

Entrepreneur Selection Criteria

In order to understand the capability of the management behind the business, the following should be assessed:

  • The entrepreneur should be physically able and in good health, preferably between the age of 25-50. If he/she is an elderly person closer to 50, it should be seen what the succession process will be and whether it is clearly defined or not.
  • The entrepreneur must have the necessary technical skill to run the business, i.e. academic background or vocational training, relevant work experience in another institution or years of experience in this line of business.
  • The entrepreneur must have and acceptable social standing in the community (People should speak highly of him), he should possess a high level of integrity (Does not cheat anyone, generally helps people), and morally sound (Participates in community building)
  • The entrepreneur must possess a high level of enthusiasm and should demonstrate that he is in control of his business (Confidently replies to all queries) and has the ability to take up new and fresh challenges to take the business forward.
  • Suppliers or creditors should corroborate that he pays on time and is general in nature
  • Clear-cut indication of source of income and reasonable ability to save.


Guarantor Selection Criteria

Equally important is the selection of a guarantor. The same attribute applicable for an entrepreneur is applicable to a guarantor. In addition he should posses the followings:

  • The guarantor must have the ability to repay the entire loan and is economically solvent (Check his net worth)
  • The guarantor should be aware about all the aspect of SEDF loan and his responsibility
  • Govt. and semi-govt. officials can be selected as a Guarantor such as schoolteacher, college teacher, doctor etc.
  • Police, BDR and Army persons, political leaders and workers, and Imam of mosque cannot be selected as a guarantor.
  • The guarantor should know the entrepreneur reasonable well and should preferably live in the same community


5.3 Terms and Conditions of SME Loan

The SME department of BRAC Bank will provide small loans to potential borrower under the following terms and condition:

  • The potential borrowers and enterprises have to fulfill the selection criteria
  • The loan amount is between Tk. 2 lacs to 30 lacs.
  • SME will impose loan processing fees for evaluation / processing a loan proposal as following;

Loan Amount

Loan Processing Fee

2 lacs to 2.99 lacsTk. 5000
3 lacs to 5 lacs

Tk. 7500

5.01 lacs to 15 lacs

Tk. 10,000

15.01 lacs to 30 lacs

Tk. 15,000

  • Loan can be repaid in two ways:

a)                  In equal monthly loan installment with monthly interest payment, or

b)                  By one single payment at maturity, with interest repayable a quarter end        residual on maturity

  • Loan may have various validates, such as, 3 months, 4 months, 6 months, 9 months, 12 months, 15 months, 18 months, 24 months, 30 months and 36 months.
  • The borrower must open a bank account with the same bank and branch where the SME has its account
  • Loan that approved will be disbursed to the client through that account by account payee cheque in the following manner: Borrower name, Account name, Banks name and Branch’s name
  • The loan will be realized by 1st every months, starting from the very next months whatever the date of disbursement, through account payee cheque in favor of BRAC Bank Limited A/C . With Bank’s named and branches name
  • The borrower has to issue an account payable blank cheque in favor of BRAC Bank Limited before any loan disbursement along with all other security.
  • The borrower will install a signboard in a visible place of business of manufacturing unit mentioned that financed by “BRAC Bank Limited”.
  •   The borrower has to give necessary and adequate collateral and other securities as per bank’s requirement and procedures.
  • SME, BRAC Bank may provide 100% of the Net Required Working Capital but not exceeding 75% of the aggregate value of the Inventory and Account Receivables. Such loan may be given for periods not exceeding 18 months. Loan could also be considered for shorter periods including one time principal repayment facility, as stated in loan product sheet.
  • In case of fixed asset Financing 50% of the acquisition cost of the fixed asset may be considered. While evaluating loans against fixed asset, adequate grace period may be considered depending on the cash generation after the installation of the fixed assets. Maximum period to be considered including grace period may be for 36 months.


5.4   Monitoring

Monitoring is a system by which a bank can keep track of its clients and their operations. So monitoring is an essential task for a CRO to know the borrowers activities after the loan disbursement. This also facilitates the buildup of an information base for future reference.


Important of Monitoring

Through monitoring a CRO can see whether the enterprise invested the sanctioned amount in the pre-specified area of his business, how well the business is running, the attitude of the entrepreneur, cash credit sales and purchase, inventory position, work in process and finished goods etc, This information will help the CRO/BRAC Bank to recover the loan accruing to the schedule and to take the necessary decisions for repeat loans.

Moreover, monitoring will also help to reduce delinquency. Constant visit over the client /borrower ensures fidelity between the bank and the borrower and tends to foster a report between them.

Area of Monitoring

The purpose is to know the entire business condition and all aspects of the borrowers so that mishap can be avoided.

a. Business Condition

The most important task of the CRO to monitor the business frequently, it will help him to understand whether the business is running well or not, and accordingly advice the borrower, whenever necessary. The frequency of monitoring should be at least once month if all things are in order.


b. Production

The CRO will monitor the production activities of the business and if there is any problem in the production process, the CRO will try to help the entrepreneur to solve the problem. On the other hand the CRO can also stop the misuse of the loan other than for the purpose for which the loan was disbursed.

c. Sales

Monitoring sales proceed is another important task of the CRO it will help him to forecast the monthly sales revenue, credit sales etc. which will ensure the recovery of the monthly loan repayments from the enterprise as well as to take necessary steps for future loans.

d. Investment

It is very important to ensure that the entire loan has been invested in the manner invented. If the money is utilized in other areas, than it may not be possible to recover the loan.

e. Management of raw materials

In case of a manufacturing enterprise, management of raw materials is another important area for monitoring. If more money is blocked in raw materials then necessary, then the enterprise may face a fund crisis.

Monitoring System

a. The CRO can consider the following things for monitoring

The CRO will monitor each business at least once a month. He/she will make a monitoring plan/ schedule at beginning of the month. During monitoring the CRO must use the prescribed monitoring from and preserve in the client file and forward a copy of the report to SME head office immediately.


b.   A SME branch will maintain the following files

The file will contain

Purchase Receipt,

Delivery Memo’s,


In addition, all other papers related to furniture and fixture procurement

c. Other fixed assets and refurbishment

All fixed assets and refurbishment related papers such as purchase receipt, Delivery memo’s, Quotation, Guarantee and Warrantee papers, Servicing related papers and any other paper related to fixed assets are refurbishment will be in this file.

d. Lease agreement file

This file will contain all papers related to lease agreement between the SESDS office and owners of the leased premises.

e. Individual client file

Individual files are to be maintained for each borrower and will hold loan application, Loan Proposal, Copies of Loan Sanction Letter, Disbursement Memo, Monitoring Report, CIB application and Report, Credit report from other bank and all other correspondents including bank receipt.

f. Statement file

All types of statement sent to SME head office will be kept in this file chronologically

g. Office instruction file

All kind of office instruction regarding administration should be kept in this file.

h. Operating instruction and guideline files.

All kind office instruction and guidelines related to operating should be kept in this file

i. New forms introduction file

All minutes of meeting, whenever held, should be kept in this file.

j. Security documents and legal aspect file

One set of security documents and lawyer’s opinions and suggestions regarding issue will be kept in this file. The original should be send to SME head office on a weekly basis

k. Survey form file

After conducting survey, all survey will be kept in this file chronological.

Banking System

  • Every SME unit office will have a current account with a designate bank in the area of a unit office. This bank account will be opened and operated by SME head office.
  • To meet petty expense such as stationary, entertainment and other incidental expense, all unit office will be allowed patty cash of Tk. 2000/=
  • The cheque of this patty cash will be issued from SME head office in the beginning of the month. All vouchers relating to such expenses should be send to the accounts from SME head office
  • All the clients must open their account with the same bank account on the same day after receiving those from the borrowers, who should given a received as prescribed.
  • Cheques should be deposited to the SME unit office bank account on the same day after receiving those from the borrowers, who should given a receipt as prescribed.
  • Any loan installment credit should be transferred to the SME head office account in Gulshan, Dhaka on the same day as per agreement with bank.
  • Every CRO should have an individual account in the same bank branch for their personal use and to receive their salaries and other benefits.
  • Payment of lease rentals, utility bills and cheque drawn on the SME unit office bank account and issued by SME head office should pay other expenses (Large amount). If these bills are small amount, they should be paid from the patty cash and replenished later.
  • All the financial accounting entries will be passed at the SME head office and will maintain separately on the basis of the unit office.

Economic Mapping Survey

After starting a SME, unit office in a new area the CRO will conduct a survey of the business. The objective of the survey is to collect relevant information about the business, which will help to select potential business for SME loans.

Mapping and Survey Method

To conduct the economic mapping and survey properly, the following process should be followed:

  • The CRO will prepare a physical map of his working area showing main roads, businesses, markets, and industrial locations. In this map, the CRO will show different kinds of business in different colors. This map will show the approximate location of all kinds of business within the area and it will be kept on the display board at the SME unit office.
  • The CRO will drive his total working area into several clusters, if possible, after that he will conduct the survey cluster wise. After completing one cluster, the CRO will start surveying another cluster.
  • At the beginning of the survey, the CRO will screen out business that does not need loans over 2 lacs.
  • After the survey, CRO will preserve the survey form cluster wise in a separate file. Based on the survey, the CRO will identify the potential businesses to pursue those for SME loans.
  • Therefore, CRO will approach the potential borrowers immediately to process loan application

For initial assistance, CRO may approach

  • BRAC office
  • Trade Associations and Chambers
  • Local govt. office like UNO and Municipal office

6.1 Customer Handling


ur country there are about 52 banks working with the people with varieties of their attractive products and services and there is a high level amongst competition each other. For sustaining, they offering various types of innovation for better service for the clients, so, to reach the closer best to the clients direct marketing gaining momentum in the country.

In terms of SME, its targeted entrepreneurs are the subjects of dealings to achieve the objectives of BRAC Bank and its policy is to contact with clients directly with a confident manner. Some key activities of a CRO:

  • Conducting Survey Properly
  • Individual contact with entrepreneur for selecting potential borrower
  • Deliver BRAC Bank’s products and other services
  • Keeping in close touch with clients to develop mutually beneficial long term relationship

There are two types of dealings which customer services officer do as follows:


The main duty of a CRO is to search new potential customer by providing door-to-door services. They talk with clients and monitor their manners, activities of their business and then provide the loan of the potential customers.  Most customers take hypothecation loan, which are unsecured loan. Normally it carries 2-5 lacs.


They also handle some unique customers who come to their unit offices to get the loan. Especially this client demands 10-20 lacs for their business. In this case, clients have to provide collateral securities in favor of bank. The securities may be land or fixed deposits. It takes little bit of time to disburse the loan for a CRO.

6.2 Macro Environmental Analysis

It is very important to carry out a macro environment scanning for the banking industry in order to identify and analyze the external factor that affected the growth and development of the banking sector in Bangladesh. A thorough analysis of the macro environment in which the banks operate will allow the banks to develop pro-active strategies and navigate the organization in the turbulent ocean of competition.

The financial institutions are always heavily influenced by the macro economic conditions both globally, regionally or locally. The key macroeconomic indicators like GDP growth rate, inflation, industrial growth rate, expansion of trade and commerce and other factors affects the operations and the pricing strategy of the bank. BRAC Bank Limited (BBL), since its inception has achieved a steady growth rate.

However, the present economic downturn or recession is affecting BBL’s operations. The country is now under a deep recession having a major decline in industrial growth rate, galloping inflationary pressure, and decline in international trade with export targets for the fiscal year yet to be achieved and other factors will eventually affect BBL and other banks pricing strategies.

Many banks will have to revise the interest rate structure for its various services in order to cope with economic slowdown. However, SME results for BBL is quite satisfactory, as they have surprised their stipulated targets despite the economic sluggishness going on in the country. Some practical example is as follows:

If the savings rate in our country decreases the purchasing power of our people will decreases. The demand for taking loan from bank will decline and client cannot repay the loan properly. On the other hand, if it is increase extremely then purchasing power will increase but people will have enough cash on hand which will reflect by not taking loans from financial organizations. So everything should be balanced.

Another example like- if the interest rate increases then people will not be interested for taking loans and as well as client will be unable to make profit by taking loans. On the other hand, if it decreases then bank will not be able to make profits quickly. So it would be considered for balancing both sides. Unemployment is another whether too much unemployment can affect the industry to understand the business properly. So this sort of impact might occur in the environment, which could have handled properly.

Demographic Environment

Demography is the study of human populations in terms of size, density, location, age, gender, race, occupation and other statistics. The demographic environment is of major interest to marketers because it involves people and people make up markets. In terms of SME requirements customer is the main part of bank. If there is, no client there is any business. According to the location BRAC Bank SME unit offices already has reached in every cities around the country for providing door-to-door facilities.

Some key factors of demographic environment are- urbanization, education, living standard etc. For example-In terms of urbanization, lots of new business and enterprises are growing rapidly in the city or town. So more bank can be aggressive for providing loans in newly developing areas.

For having new banks in the city, the standard of living will increase for the people. Education is another major factor for developing a nation. Without literacy standard of living could not come for individuals. Therefore, each and every factor is interrelated to each other.


Economic Environment

Factors that affect consumer buying power and spending patterns. SME is very careful regarding economic issues in the country. Customer relation office is always keen to check purchasing materials and leading lifestyle of the client. Because if the economic condition of a client become bad then he/she might not repay the loan.

On the other hand if war occurs between the two countries then price of the products will increase and people will loss purchasing power. In this way, organization might affect economically. On the other hand, A steady growth rate with continues market oriented reforms will contribute positively by expanding the volume of business and profitability of the bank. In an economy, a steady growth means there will be more investment, savings, and consumption in the economy. As a result, bank also gets more deposit and more projects for credit disbursement.

After disbursing the loan, if the economic condition of the business is being poor then BRAC Bank regenerates the repayment schedule of the client to repay the loan. On the other hand if the economic condition rises up then client repay the whole amount in favor of BRAC Bank Limited.

Social Environment

As banks are service-oriented organizations, they always have to consider the attitude of the customer. Customer now wants a speedy service accompanied by attractive and well decorated impressive branches with customer friendly officers providing tailor made services to the customers. SME of BRAC Bank impressive office has already earned a reputation for the bank and has attracted lots of potential customers around the country. In order to match with the customer needs, banks are also increasing varieties of products such as single short products, different short and medium term products and other services.

One of the key factors of a social environment is social class growth. It carry out attitudes of various classes of people, such as upper class, middle class, lower class upper lower class, upper lower class, etc. The customer relation officer of BRAC Bank deals with them regarding their social classes.

The clients are accepting the SME loans with knowing the interest rate of 24% (2% per month). Client wants fast service rather than paying 24% interest. Some clients are argued about the interest rates that BRAC Bank is now think of to reduce it. BRAC Bank already have 3000 clients and disbursed 100 crore. Next year its projected target is 8000-10000 clients and captures the market in our country. So, SME has a rapid growth in the market.


Political Environment

The political environment consists of law, government agencies and pressure groups that influence and limit various organizations and individuals in a given society. SME of BRAC bank has to abide national laws like festivals, holidays. On the other hand, hartals, strikes, barriers can affect the economic condition of SME of BRAC Bank Limited. Under the latest World Bank, recommendation the banking division of the ministry of finance is being abolished a step further in providing autonomy to Bangladesh Bank.

The emergence of BBL SME and other contemporary banks and the arrival of the foreign banks are all due to the ongoing reforms in the financial sector of Bangladesh. BBL is restricted to provide loans for the political leaders. Customer services officers of BRAC bank always avoid political leaders who carry out business. But if any pressure occurs from the political sides to have the loan the top management handles the situation but never give the loan to them.


Technological Environment

BRAC bank of SME division has a strong network in the whole country. The main head office is in the capital city from which it operates with all the unit offices by means of mobile telephone. In the near future, SME might hand over the palmtop computer to all customer services offices to provide accurate and quick service to the clients.


Ecological Environment

Sometimes ecological environment can turnout the business of the clients. Foods, disasters can affect the business after having the BRAC bank loans or fire can burn out the whole business. To protect from these disasters BRAC bank do the insurance policy with the joint names of the client. So that client can get feedback from the insurance policy to run again his business. If client do not get support from the insurance company then BRAC bank give time or generate the client repayment schedule.


6.3 Micro Environmental Analysis

Marketing management job is to attract and build relationship with customers by creating customer value and satisfaction. It depends on other factors in the organization microenvironment- suppliers, customers, competitors; various publics that make up the organizations value delivery system. The company needs to study its customer marketer closely in terms of Small and Medium Enterprise of BRAC Bank Limited and their customers group is specified. Their target group is only Small and Medium Enterprise client. The CRO closely monitor and try to build good report with clients. On the other hand corporate clients are different to have the loan. Each market type has special characteristics that call for careful study by the marketer.

In terms of SME, most clients are carrying out trading business rather than manufacturing business. Few clients are attached with service business like pharmaceutical, hospital, homeopath etc. In the trading business clients want loans to meet their working capital requirement. On the other hand, clients want 10-15 for purchasing fixed assets.

In our country mostly 35-40 years old clients are carrying out loans regarding the type of their business. The clients who interested to take the loan of SME then they have maintained at least one year running business. It is a policy of this bank because in the mean while client can understand his business and can set a future plan.

The educational qualification of our clients is very poor. Clients are under graduate but carry out good business. SME support their clients who are carrying out good business and also give suggestions and guidelines to develop their business. If any client has maintained loans with other banks then SME is restricted to provide loans for those clients. The client needs clearance certificate to get the loan from the BRAC bank.

 It has been found out that in our country most clients need small loans to develop their own business. The world is being globalizes and modernized. Therefore, client takes risks to enhance and develop their business and BRAC bank is a good helping hand to help them. In our country, clients want more time to repay the loan. BRAC bank gives adequate time for the client to repay the loan whether they can get benefit from it.

Clients are very happy to repay the loan by equal monthly installment. Clients know the right time to repay the loan at the right place. But in the pick season, most client wants short fund requirement to carry out good business. Regarding interest rates, clients are not talk about more because clients get the loan at the right time from the BRAC bank. Clients are also happy by the issuance of security preferences because they do not have to provide any collateral security for hypothecation or unsecured loans. SME of BRAC bank networks has everywhere in Bangladesh. So clients can have the SME loans wherever his business exists in the country. In addition, clients get the fast service from the BRAC bank.

The purpose of this loan is the economic development in our country, which might divert the clients mind after having the loans for expansion. Many clients have ambition to expand from trading to manufacturing business to generate more profit.  When a CRO would visit a business, the client must provide the proper and right information and show the right documents for justifying a good client. If any CRO feel bad smell in the business then the CRO reject that client without concerning the management. So clients should be feel comfortable to provide proper information to have the loan. Regarding the service by the CRO, getting these quick facilities from them satisfies almost all clients. Though it is pioneer division of the bank, client should be fully satisfied by having this facility.


6.4 Industry Analysis: SME facility of BRAC Bank Limited

a. Threat of New Entrant

In every industry, there is a threat of new entry, which varies according to industry. Similarly, the banking sector of Bangladesh also faces the threat of new entrants. However, the threat comes from two directions. The first threat comes from the arrival of the multinational banks and their branch expansion particularly due to the booming energy sector. For example, Standard Chartered Bank already inaugurates the SME loan.

Another threat comes from the emergence of new private commercial banks. For example, Southeast Bank, Dhaka Bank & others, the countries traditional banks are facing the treat of further competition and better quality service. Similarly, the potential banks that may emerge in the next few years will further enhance the intensity of competition and may pose further threat to the existing banks. At the same time, arrival of the foreign banks is posing threat and pressure on the existing banks.

At the same time, arrival of the foreign banks is posing threat and pressure on the existing banks. Already Standard Chartered Bank and Hong Kong Sanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC) have started to provide small loans to clients and they are also going to start door to door services to clients.

b. Growth in the Industry

The rivalry among the competitors and the growth in the industry depends upon the intensity of competition. If the industry has a high intensity of competition then the industry will have a high growth rate, as all the firms will try to beat the others in order to grab the market share. Similarly, the banking sector of Bangladesh is growing considerably and at the same time competition is increasing. Currently BRAC bank SME division is a pioneer one and carrying out Digital Technology Management Systems.

c. Competitors

Identifying the banks competitors

In terms of World Bank advice, most of the private banks are ready to provide small or micro credit loans to the clients because small loans are less risky than the corporate loan. At the recent trend, many banks like Standard Chartered, Islami Bank of Bangladesh, Southeast Bank, Dutch Bangla Bank Limited etc are going to take many aggressive steps in terms of small loan to clients.

Determining the competitors objectives

In our country, High amount loans or long term loans are risky because Bangladesh Bank is carrying out lots of defaulter’s list. So most of the banks are now interested to provide small or micro credit lending in terms of small and medium enterprise business. The objectives of the competitors are to capture in the market by providing small loans regarding and manufacturing business. But everyone’s common objective is economic development of this country.

Identify the competitors’ strategy

Standard chartered bank already sent marketing troops surrounding the cities for providing loans and deposits. CITI Bank is going to start retail service business for capturing the market. So competitor’s analysis is important factor to carry out in the long run business for any organizations. Among these banks, many of them have lower interest rates but lots of hidden costs and services.

In terms of SME, a sample comparison between BRAC Bank Limited and Islami Bank of Bangladesh has shown below:

BRAC Bank Ltd.Islami Bank
Provide online banking & servicesProvide manual banking services
Officers provide door to door servicesClients have to go to branch & then talk with officer
BRAC Bank has 429 unit offices to bring clientsIt has almost 50 brunches around the country
BRAC Bank depends on other banks for disbursementsDisburse the loan from its own brunch
Collateral free 2-5 lacsCollateral free 2-5 lacs
It has only term loan systemIt has overdraft & term loan facilities
Networking with BRAC, IFC & Shore CapitalNo network
It has goodwill & flexible interest rateIt has goodwill but higher interest rate
It has vast field employees to reach each and every client in terms of small & medium enterpriseIt has also vast employees but not in the field level

6.5 SME Relates With the Modern Marketing Concept

First it provides customer satisfaction.

Second customer satisfaction through integrated effort. In terms of SME the goal is to economic development of our country through meeting and exceeding customer needs better than competition. In terms of customer orientation, SME provides the best facilities to customers regarding their needs.

SME provides unsecured loans up to 5 lacs which none of other banks provide. In spite of integrated effort, SME is a team-based organization. CRO go to the door-to-door business and by depending on them, SME gives loan to clients.

Though it is team base management bank, the corporate goals can be achieved and gaining trust of management satisfies customers.

 brac bank

6.6   Strategic Planning in a Nutshell of Small and Medium Enterprise

In terms of our country most financial institution starts out with extensive business and marketing plans to attract potential customers. But organization has some internal steps to carry out organization in the long run which it related to Small and Medium Enterprise of BRAC Bank Limited is as follows:

  • Identify the major elements of business environment in which the organization has operated over the previous few years. In terms of BBL SME, it provides loans to small and medium enterprise. CRO or marketing officers deals with the clients directly and CRO’s are all in all to provide the loans in terms of their beliefs. SME is very friendly to provide various facilities by the existing clients.

  • Describe the mission of the organization in terms of its nature and function for the next two years. By thinking of client’s benefits and satisfaction, SME will withdraw up to 10 lacs without collateral security for providing loans. Disbursement system will carry out by means of courier services. CRO will send necessary documents to head office to disburse the loan that is nonparallel decision by comparing other banks.

  • Explain the internal and external forces that will impact the mission of the organization. In terms of SME, it has various unit offices surrounded throughout the country and has vast number of employees to handle different clients. However, it is a SME bank, which has strong feedback and reputation in terms of social and environmental sights. By considering external forces, IFC or World Bank is financially collaborating with BRAC Bank. So it is big driving force for the SME of BRAC Bank Limited.

  • Identifying the basic driving force that will direct the organization in the future. In terms of SME of BRAC Bank, it believes integrity, honesty, and conciseness bilaterally of clients and us. Though it is credit division, so marketing officers can relate with bravery. Management is very strict in terms of that issue. It is a strong reputed organization so clients have faith on us and this relationship will carry out long-term relationship with SME.

  • Develop a set of long-term objectives that will identify what the organization will become in the future. In terms of SME, it has a long-term vision to run into the organization. Already it applies in Millennium Banking System software by means of online facilitates in terms of keeping all record and to way the process easier in the long run. SME thinks key business process with IT Management together in which IT can be enable can give best possible outcomes.

6.7 SME loan disbursement

At present SME Banking Division has a reach in all 64 districts of the country through 429 unit offices.  The functional designation of the loan officers who operate at the unit offices is Customer Relations Officers (CROs).

A zone is comprised of 1-6 unit offices, where the person in-charge of the zone is known as a Zonal Manager. The reporting manager of a CRO is the Zonal Manager (ZM) or Associate Relationship Manager (ARM).  Zonal Managers/ Associate Relationship Managers have the authority to approve a loan up to BDT 6 lac. There are 144 Zonal offices in SME Banking at present.

A Territory is comprised of 6-12 zones.  There are 12 territories at present. The reporting of a Zonal Manager is the Territory Manager. The Associate Relationship Managers however report to the Relationship Managers. The following table contains Territory wise loan disbursement amount.


BRAC Bank Limited

SME Banking Division

Territory wise new & repeat loan disbursement from Jan ’10 to Sep ’10

Total disbursement from Jan ’10 to Sep ’10

Total Repeat loan disbursement from Jan ’10 to Sep ’10

Total New loan disbursement from Jan ’10 to Sep ’10



Territory Name

No. of Disbursed Account

Disbursement Amount (Taka)

No. of Disbursed Account

Disbursement Amount (Taka)

No. of Disbursed Account

Disbursement Amount (Taka)



Head Office


















Dhaka Urban

























































































Grand Total







Source: Departmental Data Bank


asically strategic plans define the organizations overall mission and objective. Within each business unit, marketing plays a role in helping to accomplish the overall strategic objectives.

7.1 Market Segmentation

The market consists of many types of customers, products and needs and the marketer has to determine which segments offer the best opportunity for achieving company objectives. SME segments the market into three categories: Trading, Manufacturing, and Service. In trading business, there are different kinds like retailer, wholesaler, food business, general stores etc. in manufacturing, there are mills, bakery, press business, etc and also except purchasing manufacturer organization also take loans to meet the working capital requirements.

In service business, there are pathology, hospitals and satellite business. Though in our country there is not much manufacturing organization, so most of the demands go for trading business. Though it is a small and medium enterprise, therefore it focuses on small loan clients that is small types of business like trading, manufacturing, and service. brac bank

Bases for Segmenting Consumer Markets

There is no single way to segment a market. A market has to try different segmentation variables, alone and in combination, to find the best way to view the market structure.

Geographic segmentation: Dividing a market in to different geographic units such as nations, states, region, countries, cities, or neighborhood. In terms of SME, it targets every region around the country in terms of small business. Now the SME has almost 429 unit offices to provide credit facilities to the clients around the country. Each of the SME unit offices mainly setup the district levels around the city but not in the rural or undeveloped areas. However, where the potential enterprises/businesses are more, SME try to develop unit office at that particular region/ area to capture the entire market.

Demographic Segmentation: Dividing the market in to groups based on demographic variables such as age, sex, family, income, education, religion, and nationality. In terms of SME, in some cases it is very strict. SME provide loans 20-60 aged peoples. SME is restricted to provide loans more than age of 65.

Behavioral Segmentation: Behavioral segmentation divides buyers in to groups based on their knowledge, attitude, uses or responses to a product. Many marketers believe that behavior variables are the best starting point for building market segments. In terms of SME, few clients would be found those who had done MS and most of clients are secondary or higher secondary pass. But basically SME segments clients at least whether the clients can understand his/her own business. SME gives very importance on attitude. At the first sight if any client behaves rough then CRO never go to that particular client.

7.2 Target Consumer

To succeed in today’s competitive marketplace, organization must be customer centered and keeping them by delivering greater value. But before it can satisfy customers, organization must first understand their needs and wants.

There are two many different kinds of consumers with too many different kinds of needs and some organization in a better position to serve certain segments of the market. In terms of SME of BRAC bank, their target customers are small and medium enterprises. BRAC bank SME target customers those who have minimum income of 40-70 thousand Tk. per month.

Mostly entrepreneur’s in our country is illiterate. Some of them are higher secondary and BSC graduate. So SME mainly targeted those clients who actually understand his own business. There are three sectors of target customers which SME follows: Trading, Service and Manufacturing. Basically according to the clients demand, SME support them financially to enhance their business. brac bank

Figure 1.7 Target Market


7.3 Target Market

Evaluation of attractiveness of each marketing segment and selection of other segments to enter. In terms of SME, the scope is specified which the target market is small and medium enterprise. However, SME is restricted for leather, jewelry, and alcohol business.

Differentiated marketing: Using a differentiating marketing strategy, an organization decides to target several markets or niches and designs separate offers for each. Basically it provides the loan within 25 days and gives the highest months to repay the loan than other banks. In terms of trading business, if the business is not too big then SME is not allow to give more than 20 months to repay the loan.

On the other hand, in case of manufacturing business, if the business is too big then SME gives the client gross period and more than 30 months to repay the loan. SME also categorizes the dealings with the customers in A, B & C groups.

A-Categories officers are dealing with the educated clients, like MBA or PhD holder or highly social client.

B-Categories officers are dealing with the undergraduate or normal standard clients.

C– Categories officers are dealing with the non-educated or illiterate normal clients.


7.4 Market Positioning

Arranging for a product to occupy a clear, distinctive and desirable place relative to accomplish products in the minds of target consumers. Formulating competitive positioning for a product and detailed marketing mix. To meet the customer demands, SME already establish different offices across the country. Before taking the loan CRO clearly defines to the clients regarding SME policies and repayment schedules.

To positioning in the market, SME not only provide loan but also they give some valuable ideas to enhance the clients business and for economic development. Once a company decides in which segments of the market it will enter, it must decide what positions it wants to occupy in those segments. A products positioning in the way the product is defined consumers mind relative to competing product.

Main head office of SME is in Dhaka city and rest of its unit offices are spread out surrounding the country. Each unit office consist of 2 or 3 CRO who provides door to door services, they even work at night. Many banks have field officers but could not carry out the unit office facilities. So BRAC bank can reach to the potential clients at anywhere in the country. The CRO of SME never say to the customer at the first impression that interest rate is 24%. They try to make understand to the clients mind that 2% per month or equal monthly payment as well as many benefits.


Unique Selling Propositions

Facilities- the main facility of SME is to provide quick service to the clients, which might take 15 to 20 days. Hypothecation loans are collateral security free which other banks take securities. If any clients got serious problem in business after taking SME loans then it gives reschedule to repay the clients loan. While taking repeat loan SME provide various facilities to the clients.


Different features- IFC and Shore banks are going to carry out equity participation with BRAC bank. It will deposit more funds to provide more loans to the clients, which cover around the whole country.

Different services- to get the loan, client do not have to go in bank directly. All sort of work are done by the CRO for clients to have the loan quickly. In terms of necessities CRO go to clients home and bring repayments of the loan. In favor of clients, CRO also work in holidays.

7.5 Marketing Strategies for Competitive Advantages

To be successful the company must do a better job than its competitors for satisfying target consumers. Thus marketing strategies must be geared to the needs of consumers and also to the strategies of competitors. The core competency of SME is that it already set up the business around the country and marketing officers go to the door to door to the clients.

On the other hand, it provides the highest amount for unsecured loans than other banks. In addition, it provides extremely quick services to clients by getting the loan.

7.6 Developing Marketing Mix

The set of controllable tactical marketing tools- product, price, place and promotion that the organization blends to produce it wants in the target market. The many possibilities can be controlled into four groups of variables known as the four P’s: Product, Price, Promotion and Place.

a. Product means the goods and services combination the company offers to the target market. In view of SME, they have short term and medium term loans whether CRO provide quick and quality services to clients. Customer service is another element of product strategy. A company designs its products and support services to profitability meet the needs of target customers. Short terms products means 3/6/9/12 months loan and midterm product means 15/18/24/30/36 months loan. For example- in Eid occasion most cloth merchants want short-term loan to carry out a profitable business.

Short Term Products:

Easy repay- these categories of products are easy repaid for the clients. When the pick season comes like Christmas and EID then these short-term products could be required for the clients. If the clients have that loan at the pick season then clients business carry out hot cakes and easily can repay the loan to BRAC bank.

Short-term fund requirement– without pick season, many clients could have required short funds to hold the tender or dealership. BRAC bank would be a good hand for the clients to have that dealership.

Mid Term Products

Proper Utilization– on average, clients get these categories of loan for 18 to 24 months. So clients can easily utilize the money regarding the prospect of the business.

Easy repay– though it is a long time repayment schedule, so clients make the profits to get the required amount of loan and repay the loan in a monthly basis.

b. Price is the amount of money customers have to pay to obtain the products. In terms of SME of BRAC bank, clients have to pay a certain amount of processing fees and stamp costs to get the loan. One of the factors that affect the company’s own pricing moves. For example- many banks have processing fees with 1% or 2% additional charge and other miscellaneous costs. But BRAC bank has withdraws other costs and charges to carry out in the competitive market.

  • Costly- BRAC bank SME interest rate is 24%. So it is little bit of costly by the competitive edge but the client gets this loan within very short period of time. In this situation client cannot think about the interest rate because at the right time they get the loan, which they can exercise in their business, can yields profits.

  • Easy sanction– If the CIB (Credit Information Bureau) is being cleared from Bangladesh Bank and all information is being transparent from client then the loan is become sanctioned in favor of client.

  • All time consultancy– Without taking any money, the officer of this bank give moral advices to clients to develop the business.


c. Place (Distribution) It includes companies activities that make the product available to target consumers. SME already spread out its unit offices around the country. SME tries to reach each and every small business enterprise to meet client’s demands. Marketing channel decisions are among the most important decision that management faces. Management must make channel decision carefully, incorporating today’s needs with tomorrow like selling environment.

SME of BRAC bank already has 429 unit offices, which is spread throughout the country and more than 2000 staffs working under these unit offices. These officers have respective selected supervisors who directly report to the SME main head office. So SME division has everywhere in Bangladesh to serve all respective clients.

d. Promotion– means activities that communicate the merits of the product and persuade target customers to buy it. For example- up to 8 lacs taka SME don’t take collateral security to provide loan. Also for the repeat borrowers SME discounts up to 6% interest rate and Tk. 1000 for the respective client. Advertisement is one of the major elements in promotion. SME is focusing customers by printing various leaflets, magazines and showing banners in front of their respective unit offices.

Door to door service– it is a door-to-door customer services to clients. CRO knock the door of the business enterprise whether the client has required any loan or not.

Market to non-Bank people: Some clients do not maintain any account in the bank. They are dealing by cash. By providing BRAC bank loans, these sorts of clients can be attached with the banks. In addition, they can understand more about banking and can have a good relationship with them.

Neglected People– there are some people who are very afraid of dealing with the bank. They were very simple dresses too afraid to the bank. But they are carrying out good business and potential clients. They could be target for the BRAC Bank Limited.brac bank

Figure 1.8 Marketing Mix

7.7 Managing the marketing effort in terms of SME

The company wants to design and put in to action the marketing mix that will best achieve its objectives in its target market. Much organization follows four marketing management function- Analysis, planning, implementation and control.


Marketing Analysis: SME always analyzes its market and marketing environment to find attractive opportunities and to avoid environmental threats. It is also analyze banks strengths and weakness as well as current and possible marketing action to determine which opportunities it can best pursue. For example: after analyzing the market, SME withdraws collateral security up to 8 lacs taka to get the loans.

 brac bank

Source: Departmental Data Bank


As per we know the Management Committee (MANCOM) of the BRAC Bank Ltd always try to appreciate the “Offensive strategy” which is a very positive attitude for growing firm business. We appreciate any decision, which comes from MANCOM. The existing process of SME loans should reconsider with considering complete customers’ satisfaction.

Management is culture bound which may take any decision with considering culture of our country. The driving forces and KSF (Key Success Factors) of the BRAC Bank Ltd have to carry on competing with others. I personally believe that service, quality and timely delivery will be the most important factors at growing level of BRAC Bank Ltd. However, some steps may be taken to improve the efficiency and to increase the performance and productivity of the Bank in future which are given below:

  • The bank should cover more and more rural areas to bring those people who want to be financed by SME loan facilities to improve their financial status.
  • Training program should be taken more seriously and often. Officers should be sent for training for betterment of service.
  • The decision making process should be more fast.
  • Need professional data entry operator.
  • Lack of motivation and training program for entry level employees.
  • Absence of proper guideline/ planning of respective job
  • Credit team can introduce automated credit assessment system to bring soundness is their operation.
  • Periodic review has to done regular basis.
  • Reconstruction of discouraging sector based on the merit of each case.
  • Customer Point Verification (CPV) must be done by bank personnel.
  • For income statement verification bank must develop its own team to do the job properly.
  • Arrange training program for credit analyst to expand their knowledge.
  • Sales persons must be educated properly for strict documentation and better product knowledge.
  • Increase the number of credit analyst to reduce the extra workload.
  • An automated system for MIS must be developed to make sure proper utilization of information.
  • Early warning system for customers who are using more and more credit limit of his/her card but paying very little amount.




here are number of commercial banks operating their activities in Bangladesh. BRAC Bank Limited is a promising one of them. For the future planning and successfully operation in achieving its prime goal in this current competitive environment, BRAC Bank Ltd always provide potential and dynamic service through business sector and operation sector.

From the evaluation and analysis of the facts and information collected during the period of my project preparation, it is clear that BRAC Bank Ltd is performing satisfactory over the last years and growing rapidly preserving a unique position in the banking sector of the country. The profitability of the bank is showing increasing trend as a consequent of a dynamic investment management policy and farsighted efficient direction.

The bank is gaining improvement in almost all sectors over last years. The bank has all the possibility of becoming one of the leading banks of the country if it can maintain this trend of improvement, and I think it will be able to do so. We moved a long way from the time when the banks were deposit taking and money-lending institution. The old concepts, attitudes and methods in banking have undergone a marked change all over the world. Modern Banking is an outcome development driven by changing financial activities and lifestyle. Bangladesh has not lagged behind. Banks are required to participate in the nation building activities and act as agent for bringing about socioeconomic changes.

Entering as a new bank in private banking scenario of Bangladesh, BRAC Bank is constantly try to cross the obstacles regarding typical business oriented ideas and come up with innovative curtailed to its Consumers need to harvest maximum benefit for them. BRAC Bank Limited is a third generation bank inaugurated on 4 July 2001 with a mission of providing best banking service in the country to enhance economic activity.

In the world of global economy, banking needs have become more diverse and exotic than ever before. In this regard, BRAC Bank promises to fulfill every possible Customer needs with high quality service and satisfaction. This success has resulted from the dedication, commitment & dynamic leadership of its management over the periods. To become market leader in providing banking services, introduction of sophisticated banking instruments i.e., online banking services, ATM services is a demand of time.

BRAC Bank is maintaining its competitiveness by leveraging on its Online Banking Software and modern IT infrastructure. It is the pioneer amongst the local banks in introducing innovative products like SMS Banking.

I was authorized to prepare a report on central function of BRAC Bank Ltd. for partial fulfillment of my course requirement. I went to BRAC Bank Limited, Head Office, where I worked as an intern from May 1, 2006 to August 1, 2006 on to-day banking activities. It was a great experience for me to have exposure in the practical field.  As a new bank it has a long way to go. There is huge pressure of work in BRAC Bank Limited hut the coordination that I get some officials was very helpful for me.

Though having some drawbacks the bank’s overall performance is satisfactory. I wish a prosperous future for the Bank.