Geographic Minerals

Gregoryite: Properties and Occurrences

Gregoryite: Properties and Occurrences

Gregoryite is an anhydrous carbonate mineral that is rich in potassium and sodium with the formula: [(Na2, K2, Ca)CO3]. It is a mineral containing calcium, carbon, oxygen, potassium, and sodium. It was named after Professor John Walter Gregory (associated with the University of Melbourne, Australia and the University of Glasgow, Scotland), and was discovered in 1980. It occurs associated with nyerereite, alabandite, halite, sylvite, fluorite, and calcite.

General Information

  • Category: Carbonate mineral
  • Formula: [(Na2,K2,Ca)CO3]
  • Crystal system: Hexagonal
  • Crystal class: Dihexagonal pyramidal (6mm) (same H-M symbol)

Fig: Gregoryite – an anhydrous carbonate mineral


Gregoryite is a rare mineral that can be identified in the field by its white color and the white streak. The density of this mineral is 2.27 gm/cm3. Because of its anhydrous nature, gregoryite reacts quickly with the environment, causing the dark lava to be converted to a white substance within hours.

  • Color: Brown, milky white
  • Crystal habit: Phenocrysts in carbonatite lava
  • Streak: White
  • Diaphaneity: Transparent to translucent
  • Specific gravity: 2.27 (calculated)
  • Optical properties: Uniaxial
  • Solubility: Soluble in water


Gregoryite occurs as phenocrysts in lengaite carbonatite lava. The only known locality of gregoryite is in Tanzania’s Oldoinyo Lengai volcano.

It’s often associated with minerals such as halite, nyerereite, alabandite, fluorite, calcite, and sylvite.


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