Disadvantages of On-the-Job Training (OJT)

Disadvantages of On-the-Job Training (OJT)

In On-the-job training (OJT) method, a trainee is placed on the job and then taught the necessary skills to perform his job. Thus in this method, the trainee learns by observing and handling the job under the guidance and supervision of an instructor or a supervisor. The employee is given specific job training and they practice under the administration of more qualified staff. Following methods may be used under on-the-job training:

  • Apprenticeship training
  • Jon instruction training
  • Program instruction
  • Coaching and counseling
  • Internship

The following are disadvantages of on-the-job training (OJT)

Low Productivity

The trainees are taken at the actual workstation for training; hence, they are in the process of learning skills. As a result, the organizational productivity will be lower.

Errors in Production

Since the trainees are not involved with production activities, the will be the possibility of errors in production activities. The goods produced by trainees will be qualitative.


OJT method is costly in the sense that the workers are disturbed by training activities; the goods produced by the trainees will have less quality and there will be chances of damage to goods. These all result in higher cost of production.


Disturbance may arise during the work process as trainees are in the learning phase. The existing workers may feel disturbed due to the trainees and the supervisors.

Possibility of Accidents

Under OJT, the learners are directly involved in production process who do not have adequate knowledge and skill of working with the given equipment and materials. Hence, the possibility of accidents exists at the workstation.


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