In On-the-job training (OJT) method, a trainee is placed on the job and then taught the necessary skills to perform his job. Thus in this method, the trainee learns by observing and handling the job under the guidance and supervision of an instructor or a supervisor. The employee is given specific job training and they practice under the administration of more qualified staff. This way they gain confidence in their work. The trainer directs them how to perform the task appropriately and gives feedback immediately by pointing out any errors. Following methods may be used under on-the-job training:
- Apprenticeship training
- Jon instruction training
- Program instruction
- Coaching and counseling
On-the-job training (OJT) has following advantages:
OJT is useful and simple to learn the jobs that can be learned by watching and doing. Under it, the trainer need not explain and analyze the job detail, as employees can learn it by observing and doing it on the actual workstation.
OJT is economical in the sense that it does not require extra cost burden for arranging training needs. Moreover, it does not require separate training space to provide training.
- Actual Work Station
OJT is conducted at the actual workstation; hence, employees can get the first-hand experience from the job as they learn it through actual equipment and materials.
- Immediate Productivity
Since trainees are involved in the actual work process, quick learning and immediate productivity will be obtained from the work performed by the trainees.
- Quick Learning
OJT provides a favorable environment for quick learning. This is because trainees are involved in the actual work process.
As it is a practical approach, it develops multi-skill in trainees. The employees can get quick feedback about the correctness of their performance.