“Advertising has been around for thousand of years. Once way of looking at the cave paintings of Lascaux, which are about 16,000 years old, is advertising […]” (Sangeeta Sharma, 2006, page no. 18)
“Advertising can be traced back to the very beginnings of recorded history. Archaeologists working in the countries around the Mediterranean Sea dug up signs announcing various events and offers. The Romans painted walls to announce gladiator fights […] during the Golden Age in Greece, town criers announced the sale of cattle, crafted items and even cosmetics […]” (Kotler et al. 2002, p. 661).
Today, advertising is a multi-billion industry, employing hundreds of thousands of people and affecting billions of people’s lives worldwide. Yet, seeing as advertising clutter has increased tremendously and is more intense than ever, it is vital that companies differentiate themselves from competitors by creating even more powerful, entertaining and innovative advertisement messages, as well as sponsoring different events.
International advertisement spending exceeded $800 billion (http://techcrunch.com) in 2010, it is believed that spending will maintain a 7 per cent growth rate for the next couple of years, increasing to an estimated $820 billion this year and to $852 billion next year. However, as a consequence of long-term changes, such as the increase of a larger and more diverse range of media, as well as the arrival of new technologies, particularly the Internet, consumers have become better informed than ever, and as a result, some of the traditional advertising methods are no longer as effective as they used to be (www.economist.com). Instead, firms have increasingly employed other marketing tools, such as corporate sponsorship of sports, arts and cultural events to name a few (Ruth et al. 2003).
Yet, as a result of globalization, the use of advertisement across cultural borders has grown immensely, and while one expert claims that the average person is daily exposed to 1,600 advertisements, another expert estimates the total number to be as much as 5,000 a day (Armstrong et al. 2005), “from billboards to bumper stickers to logos on caps and T-shirts”
Mobile phone has become an indispensable part of Bangladesh’s everyday-life and has made a “safe haven” in one of our pockets much like our wallet that we never want to leave at home while we head for our work! Thanks to the telecom-revolution and its relentless evolution that together have made it possible even in developing countries like Bangladesh. This is the dominant device that we now express ourselves through, get our work done and share our pains and pleasures with. However, more stress has been laid upon explaining to the public clearly and simply the services which operators have to offer, and perhaps to trace the constructive work performed by companies in establishing the industries of the country.
Under this circumstance a better understanding of the advertising and its practice by telecom companies may provide the telecom companies authority to develop a strong brand. However advertising is a key strategy consideration for most marketers to build strong brand. The goals of advertising activities are noble and a telecom companies is expected to perform its role as best as it can while seeking the pleasure. The research introduces advertisements’ effect to build a strong brand.
The overall purpose of this paper is to gain a deeper understanding of the effect of advertisement on branding. Specifically, we want to explore the effect of advertising campaigns to build a strong brand image of telecom companies in Bangladesh. We also want to study whether or not there is a relationship between the advertisement and branding.
We have limited our research to the some mobile phone operators, rather than the entire telecom industry. Moreover the study is also made only on the customer care of telecom companies within Dhaka city not over the country. The high officials are very busy in their work, so each and every time I faced difficulties gathering and reporting the information.
Chapter two introduces the theories that are relevant to the purpose of this thesis. The following theories that are presented below are: consumer preferences, target group, brand, advertisement and sponsorship.
Finally, the chapter ends with the analysis model and hypothesis.
A brand can be defined as a “name, term, symbol, or design, or a combination of them, which is intended to signify the goods or services of one seller or group of sellers and to differentiate them from those of competitors” (Keller 1993, p. 2). Brand image takes place when brand associations held in the mind of consumers are conveyed onto a consumer’s perception about a brand. These associations can either be developed from direct experience with the product, from the information communicated by the company, or from previous associations held about the company and origin, etc. (Martinez et al. 2003).
A brand is a distinguishing name or symbol designed to:
#Identify to origins of a good or service
#Differentiate those goods or services from those of the competition
#Protect the consumer and producer from competitors who would attempt to provide products that appear to be identical
Branding is the process of creating an association between a symbol/object/emotion/perception and a product/company with the goal of driving loyalty and creating differentiation.
Branding Strategy: Building Strong Brands
Brand equity is, according to Kotler (2004, p. 292) “a positive differential effect that knowing the brand name has on customer response to the product or service, a measure of brand equity is the extent to which customers are willing to pay more for the brand”
The value of a brand as derived from consumer attitudes, behaviors, awareness, and perceptions.
There is no question that a strong brand is an important corporate asset. Brand equity cannot be measured in dollars and cents but rather it is a direct result of how consumers value a brand based on their experiences and perceptions (Spaeth, 1993). It is these experiences and perceptions that permit the brand to earn greater volume or margins than it could without the brand name.
Brand loyalty is a “form of repeat purchasing behavior reflecting a conscious decision to continue buying the same brand” (Solomon et al. 2001, p. 259). Moreover, in order for brand loyalty to take place, customers must have a positive attitude towards a brand, as well as being involved in repeated buying. If, in actual fact, a brand has been greatly advertised and been around for some time, it can generate an emotional attachment by either being integrated into the consumer’s self-image or linked to past experiences (Ibid).
Brand awareness entails that recognition is communicated onto a brand, which allows consumers to identify with the brand product, and thus providing companies with constant competitive advantage (Aaker, 2005). For low involvement products, products “bought frequently and with a minimum of thought and effort” (buseco.monash,edu.au), awareness can affect a consumer’s buying decision through a sense of familiarity, whereas for high involvement products, brand awareness provides consumers with a sense of presence and assurance (Aaker, 2005).
Perceived quality can be defined as “the customer’s perception of the overall quality or superiority of a product or service with respect to its intended purpose, relative to alternatives” (Aaker, 1991 p. 85). Perceived quality is initially a consumer’s perception about a product, and thus is a tangible overall opinion about a brand. Nevertheless, this feeling is usually based upon fundamental dimensions, such as product features and performance. Furthermore, perceived quality is often differentiated from the actual quality, and can derive from past experiences involving former products or services (Ibid).
Brand association can either be linked directly or indirectly with a customer’s thought about a brand. Those associations that have the clearest significance are built upon product attributes, such as physical product characteristics and non-material product characteristics (Armstrong et al. 2005), and customer benefits – “the desirable consequences consumers seek when buying and using products and brands” (Peter et al. 1994, p. 87), which provide customers with a motive to buy the product, consequently resulting in brand loyalty (Aaker, 1991).
There are many steps involved with building a brand’s equity including; brand awareness (unaided/aided), brand attributes, message association, brand favorability, brand preference, and ultimately brand loyalty. Each has an important role in moving a consumer towards a purchase and should be understood in terms of their specific function
|Branding Metric||Question it answers||Stage of brand building|
|Brand awareness(unaided)||Is the brand “top of mind” for theconsumer?||Early|
|Brand awareness(aided)||Is the brand something that the consumerrecognizes when presented with the|
|Brand attributes||Is the brand cool? Hip? Intelligent?Good value? Stable? Innovative? etc.||Middle|
|Message association||Does the brand offer a specific valueproposition to the consumer?||Middle|
|Brand favorability||Is the brand well-respected andappreciated beyond being known and|
|Brand preference||Where does the brand stand whenconsumers are asked to choose among a|
|Brand loyalty||Is the brand strong enough to keepConsumers coming back for more?||After conversion|
So how do you measure ad effects on brand equity components such as brand awareness, brand familiarity, brand favorability, brand image, and brand loyalty? By definition, these metrics are cognitive in nature and cannot be inferred from consumer behavior. As a result, marketing researchers must derive the branding value of advertising through interviewing consumers.
Positioning refers to “consumers’ perception of a brand as compared with that of competitors’ brands, that is, the mental image that a brand, or the company as a whole, evokes” (Czinkota et al. 2001, p. 313). Moreover, researchers claim that positioning can provide benefits to the consumer through a set of different product attributes (Albaum et al. 2002). Thus, companies must position their brands/products clearly in the minds of the target consumers. This can be done through the positioning on product attributes, however, companies must bear in mind that these attributes are easily copied by competitors. More specifically, consumers are often not interested in attributes as such, but are rather concerned with what the attributes will actually do for them (Armstrong et al. 2005). Another way in which marketers can position brands is by associating a brand with a name that encompasses pleasing and desired benefits (Peter et al. 1994). However, strong brands go beyond attribute or benefit positioning, and instead are positioned on strong beliefs and values. (Armstrong et al. 2005).
Developing Brand Positioning
Brand positioning sets the direction of marketing activities and programs – what the brand should and should not do with its marketing. Brand positioning involves establishing key brand associations in the minds of customers and other important constituents to differentiate the brand and establish (to the extent possible) competitive superiority (Keller et al. 2002). Besides the obvious issue of selecting tangible product attribute levels (e.g., horsepower in a car), two particularly relevant areas to positioning are the role of brand intangibles and the role of corporate images and reputation.
An important and relatively unique aspect of branding research is the focus on brand intangibles – aspects of the brand image that do not involve physical, tangible, or concrete attributes or benefits (see Levy 1999). Brand intangibles are a common means by which marketers differentiate their brands with consumers (Park, Jaworski, and MacInnis 1986) and transcend physical products (Kotler and Keller 2005). Intangibles cover a wide range of different types of brand associations, such as actual or aspiration user imagery; purchase and consumption imagery; and history, heritage, and experiences (Keller 2001). A number of basic research questions exist concerning how brand tangibles and intangibles have their effects.
Nine Branding Principles
Branding Principle #1: Keep It Simple: one big idea is best.
One of the most common mistakes that marketing and advertising people make is they say too much. I understand why this happens. The idea should be simple to understand, as it is difficult to place a brand in strong position over the competitor. However, the reality is that if you say too much, no one will listen.
Branding Principle #2: Mass-produced word of mouth (PR) builds brands.
It’s Very Difficult to Build a Brand through Advertising Alone. One of the many lessons to be learned, that a pile of money cannot buy name recognition and brand awareness.
Al and Laura Ries make the following statements:
“The birth of a brand is achieved with publicity, not advertising.” And continuing on that thought, “Once born, a brand needs advertising to stay healthy.”
Though not always true, these bold statements deserve consideration. Most of the dotcoms that attempted to build brands through advertising failed. They spent their advertising budget and then we forgot about them (I doubt that many made it into our minds in the first place). The few that remain built their brands through the media.
Branding Principle #3: Focused brands are more powerful than diffused brands.
One of the goals of a powerful branding program is to create a memorable concept. And to stay in people’s minds, you must first get inside. This requires focused, sharp and to-the-point branding. How do you do this?
Define Your Brand
Make a list of every quality that describes your company:
• Are you big or small?
• Friendly or whimsical?
• Expensive or inexpensive?
• Durable or disposable?
• Local, national or international?
• Red or purple?
You get the idea.
Branding Principle #4: Somehow, some way, you have to be different.
Don’t go for competing on same things; try to make your company different from the others. Never try to copy or follow the things that other company are practicing.
Branding Principle # 5: The first brand in a category has a huge advantage.
What makes a company or product a market leader? Surprisingly, it’s not the quality of the product or the size of the marketing budget. Most often, it’s about being the first one on the scene. Not simply first on the market, but first in our minds.
Branding Principle #6: Avoid sub-brands at all cost.
The easiest way to destroy a brand is to put its name on everything.”
One of the most common mistakes made by marketing professionals is relying too much on sub-brands as a means for introducing new products or services. Often referred to as line extensions, this marketing strategy not only usually fails to create a market for the new product or service, but the parent brand also suffers as a result.
Branding Principle #7: Quality is important, but not as important as the perception of quality.
“We don’t need marketing! This product is pure quality and will sell itself!” How many times have you heard this? How many times have you believed it? Every day, buyers like you and I make judgments about quality. But how much of our assessment is due to the actual quality of the item?
Branding Principle #8: Be consistent and patient. Building a strong brand takes time.
A strong brand can not build over night, it takes time. Because people don’t rely on your company quickly. So be steady and patient.
Branding Principle #9: Put your brand definition in writing, otherwise you’ll get off course.
Despite changes in marketing directors, personnel or ad agencies, your brand must stay constant. Every modification will weaken your position in the consumer’s mind.
So the question is: throughout the many upheavals of a company’s lifecycle, how do you keep your brand on target? The answer is simple: write it down and use it.
Advertising informs consumers about the existence and benefits of products and services, and tries to persuade consumers to buy them (MacKenzie, 2004). Moreover, Kotler et al. (2005), claim that advertising aims at attaining target consumers to either think or react to the product or brand. As a method of achieving advertisement goals, advertisements as well as their content play a vital role in the process of commercial communication. More specifically, it is the advertised product and brand as well as the content of the advertisement that determine greater or lesser memory retention among the consumers (Royo-Vela, 2005).
The objectives of advertising campaigns are summarised in the figure below:
|To inform |
|To persuade |
|To remind |
As can be seen in Figure 2.4, there are different types of advertising objectives, and they are classified by the purpose, that is, to inform, persuade or remind. When introducing a new product category, informative advertising is heavily used where the objective is to build a primary demand, but as competition increases, persuasive advertising becomes more important. Here, the company’s objective is to build selective demand for a brand by persuading consumers that it offers the best quality for their money. Reminder advertising, on the other hand, is employed for mature products as it keeps customers thinking about the product (Kotler et al. 2002).
Advertisement and Encouragement of Good Deeds
Advertising should propagate good deeds among the consumers behaviors and decent exposures of the characters in the advertising message. Advertising should shows love for the family and respect of the elderly. Advertisements that deter society from taking drugs and bribes or careless driving are also encouraged (Kalthom, 2008). Advertising can be used to make concuss the people about the harmful of drugs, child labor, early marriage etc. and benefit of education of women, equality of men and women etc.
Advertisement and Morality
Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) said: “I have been sent only for the purpose of perfecting good morals” when asked “Which Muslim has the perfect faith?” The prophet (pbuh) answered: “He who has the best moral character” (Al-Ghazzali, 1983). Advertising messages should portray women in a decent manner and clothing and recognize their positive contributions to the family and society as a whole (Rice and Al-Mossawi, 2002). Sexual appeals in advertising using women as objects of sexual desire should not be used. “And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty”. (An-Nur-24:31); “O prophet! Tell thy wives and daughter and the believing women that they should cast their outer garments over their persons (when abroad): that is most convenient, that they should be known (as such) and not molested. And Allah is oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful”.(Al-Ahzab- 33:59)
Truthfulness and advertising
Allah has commanded that we should build our life on the foundation of truth, to make truth and straight dealings a practice of their life. Islam strongly condemns all forms of activities that contain elements of fraud and deception of any kind to protect the contracting parties from mutual injustice and the resulting disputes (Kalthom, 2008). Allah has said: “What would be grater dishonesty that it’s, this that when you are talking with your brother he may be thinking that you are telling the truth whereas you are deceiving him by telling lies.” “Truly, God guides not him who is a liar” (Az-Zumar 39:3). “And o my people! Give just measure and weight, nor withhold from the people the things that are their due: commit not evil in the land with intent to do moschef.” (H?d-11:85). “Serving produces a ready sale for a commodity but bolts out the blessing” (Muslim). Advertiser should seek for excellence in the development and execution of communication messages (Rice and Al-Mossawi, 2002). Our beloved prophet emphasized the need to be committed to complete a work well, “God likes that when someone does something, it must be perfectly well”. (Salam and Hanafy, 1988)
Standardization vs. Adaptation
Marketers and advertisers can approach the market in different ways when advertising a product or service in the marketplace. They can either take a standardized approach, an adapted approach or a mixture of the two approaches. While an international standardized advertising campaign is used for all markets, an adapted campaign considers the use of different advertisements that are adapted for different markets because of local conditions. However, many different opinions exist about the best way to achieve success in advertising campaigns, and even though research has shown that advertisements of certain products can be standardized worldwide, both of the approaches provide their own unique benefits and weaknesses (Barnes et al. 2004).
A primary motivation for a company to standardize its advertising is the desire to create a more homogenous image of the firm and its brand in multiple markets, as a uniformed brand image across markets can lead to enhanced brand equity. Other advantages of standardization include, economic benefits related to cost savings, the abilities to implement a coordinated strategy and to appeal to cross-markets segments (Taylor, 2006). Moreover, if a brand is well known, it is more likely to be successful with a standardized approach, as advertisements of these brands are made more to remind and strengthen than to communicate product benefits (Pae et al. 2002).
However, many scholars point out difficulties in using a standardized approach, and therefore support market tailoring and adaptation to fit the “unique dimensions” of different international markets. Moreover, it has been argued that different countries and regions differ when it comes to factors such as: culture, consumer tastes, race, disposable income, law, nationalism, technology, society, and occupations. As a result, advocates of the adaptation approach insist that multinational companies must find out how to adjust their advertisement in accordance to these factors (Barnes et al. 2004).
However, both strategies are rejected by various researchers whom emphasize the difficulty in applying them in practice (Vrontis, 2005). Instead, a mixed approach, also known as a contingency approach, can be used as it offers the potential for variance, depending on the situation (Barnes et al. 2004).
The language used in advertising campaigns
In the advertisement of mobile operators language would be in such way that will not conflict with our cultural ideology. Especially in the context as the most of the people are not educated so the advertisement should be in Bengali and simple to understand.
When advertising across borders, advertisers have to decide upon whether or not to use the native language in the campaign. There are several reasons that drive companies to use foreign languages in advertisements, such as financial- and image-related reasons. Advertising costs are reduced when using existing foreign language television commercials rather than producing new commercials into the native language. Furthermore, in some situations, a product’s image benefits from using a foreign language as it is more effective (Wang et al. 2006).
The following chapter discusses and validates the choice of methodology used in the thesis, which has guided us in how we should approach the subject, as well as how we should collect and process the required information. It includes choice of subject, research approach, data collection, value of study, and revision of the chosen methodology
Choice of Subject
Today, people are daily overwhelmed by numerous of advertising campaigns on television, radio, and magazines to name a few. The increase of ads is especially evident during large events, such as sports events. Mobile phone operators are the one of the institutions from where people take services regularly. As the telecom companies are one of the larger parts of the service sector of Bangladesh. This led to the next question of why people choose one brand over another. We decided to explore the extent in which advertising campaigns affect in building strong brand image.
When conducting a research, the researcher can choose between two approaches; qualitative and quantitative method. The qualitative method involves the gathering of a lot of information from few examination units through interviews and observations, while the quantitative method entails that the researcher collects little information from many investigation units through, for instance questionnaires (Halvorsen, 1992). Seeing as the overall purpose of this paper was to gain a deeper understanding of different advertising factors affecting on branding, the quantitative method was applied, and thus a questionnaire (quantitative data was collected) was conducted in accordance to our purpose (Appendix 1).
The questionnaire (see Appendix 1) allowed us to gather specific information on different consumer’s perception about how advertisement effect on branding. According to Ruane (2005, p. 123), a questionnaire is a “self-contained, self-administered instrument for asking questions”.
According to the Naresh K. Malthotra, (2001, P.293) a questionnaire is a structured technique for data collection consisting of a series of questions written or verbal, to which a respondent replies.
The questionnaire was divided into structured and unstructured questions accordingly. A structured question may either entail multiple choices, dichotomous questions, or a scale, whereas an unstructured question is an open-ended question, which implies that the respondents answer in their own words (Malhotra, 2001). The structured questions that were asked were either dichotomous or scales. In dichotomous questions, the respondents could only choose between two response alternatives, such as Yes or No, making it easy to code and analyze. A ratio scale was also used which allowed the respondents to classify or rank order the objects, i.e. 1 – 5, where 5 represents “very good” and 1 indicates “very bad”. Finally, in combination with the structured questions, unstructured questions were asked, where the respondents were able to clarify and express in detail their responses and opinions (Neuman, 2003).
The objective of a questionnaire includes: first it must translate the information needed into a set of specific questions that the respondents can and will answer. Second objectives of a questionnaire are to “uplift, motivate, and encourage the respondent to become involved in the interview, to cooperate, and to complete the interview” (Malhotra 2001, p. 293).
Types of Data Collection
Data is one out of two types, either primary which is collected by the researcher’s or secondary data which is gathered by other researches (Andersen, 1998).
We decided to use a questionnaire as our main source of data collection (primary data), as our aim was to measure the effect of advertisement on branding.
The population we chose to investigate in order to reach our purpose was the chosen local market; within Bangladesh, and thus we decided upon a combination of quota sampling and convenience sampling from this population. Quota sampling implies that a researcher can choose to have a specified proportion of the investigated elements in the study. This partition into different stratums can include different categories, such as gender, age, lifestyle, and ethnicity (Nardi, 2003). When the researcher has decided upon which categories to use in the partition, as well as the number of respondents to investigate, convenience sampling is used to collect them (Neuman, 2003). When convenience sampling is utilized, there is a lack of a clear sampling strategy and the researcher decides which elements to study depending on the ease of access (Ritchie et al. 2003). The quotas that were chosen for this thesis were divided into three different age groups in accordance to. (2010): 18-40, and ≥ 41. The chosen groups represented a diverse set of people, who are at different stages in their lives, and thus we believed their perception on the effect of advertisement on branding.
20 respondents were chosen from each age group:
These respondents were chosen as a result of easy access. Although we did not have a personal relationship with the majorities of customers.
Operational Measures of Theoretical Framework
The questions in the questionnaire were based upon our theoretical framework, and thus the questions can be divided into the following groups: brand, advertisement, and finally others.
Questions 2 and 3 were specifically about the brand’s logos and slogans, overall, the questions supplied us with information about the way in which the respondents perceive the effect of advertisement on branding.
Questions 04 to 10 are linked to the advertisement theory, and provided us with knowledge about respondents’ attitudes towards advertisement in general. Moreover, the questions provided us with insight into how familiar and open the respondents were of companies advertising campaigns.
Value of Study
Validity is the ability to measure what one intended to measure, and construct validity involves the operational measures for the studied subjects. More precisely, it includes the way in which the researcher translates theory information into operational and measurable questions, and variables (Yin, 2003). Our operational measures can be found in the previous section, 3.3.3. In order to gain as high validity as possible, multiple sources of evidence were used in collecting the information, consisting of academic articles and textbooks.
Internal validity suggests that the study examines what it is suppose to examine, whereas external validity is the possibility to generalize the study results in other populations (Hollensen, 2001). We sought to conduct the questions in the questionnaire in such a way that we were provided with the most relevant information so as to answer our research question. The design of the questions was that of a simple structure with a clear and easy language in order to make them as understandable as possible and thus decreasing any misunderstandings. Furthermore, the questionnaire was standardized, which implies that the same questionnaire was presented to all chosen respondents for the study.
In order for reliability to be achieved, the same study should have similar results if it is conducted at a different point in time (Andersen, 1998). In order to attain reliability in a study, different precautions can be taken, such as making sure that the questions are interpreted in the way in which the researcher/s planned (Patel et al. 1994). In order to achieve reliability in our master’s thesis and making sure that the questions were interpreted as we wanted them to be, we conducted the questionnaire on a test group consisting of five respondents. This test group was asked to inform us how they interpreted the questions and any adjustments necessary where made before it was tested on yet another group of people. After the modified version was tested, the questionnaire felt complete and all possible misunderstandings had been eliminated, it was carried out on our sample subjects. Furthermore, we were present at all times during the answering of the questionnaires and accordingly, any uncertainties were solved on the spot. Finally, in order to ensure reliability, scientific literature was used for our theoretical framework.
Grameenphone, widely known as GP, is the leading telecommunications service provider in Bangladesh. With more than 27 million subscribers (as of October 2010), Grameenphone is the largest cellular operator in the country. It is a joint venture enterprise between Telenor and Grameen Telecom Corporation, a non-profit sister concern of the internationally acclaimed microfinance organization and community development bank Grameen Bank. Telenor, the largest telecommunications company in Norway, owns 55.8% shares of Grameenphone; Grameen Telecom owns 34.2% and the remaining 10% is publicly held.
Grameenphone was the first company to introduce GSM technology in Bangladesh. It also established the first 24-hour Call Center to support its subscribers. With the slogan Stay Close, stated goal of Grameenphone is to provide affordable telephony to the entire population of Bangladesh.
Leading the industry and exceed customer expectations by providing the best wireless services, making life and business easier
We exist to help our customers get the full benefit of communications services in their daily lives. We want to make it easy for customers to get what they want, when they want it. We’re here to help.
o Make It Easy
o Keep Promises
o Be Inspiring
o Be Respectful
Orascom Telecom Bangladesh Limited (Banglalink)
Banglalink is the second largest cellular service provider in Bangladesh after Grameenphone. As of November, 2009, Banglalink has a subscriber base of 12.99 million. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of Orascom Telecom.
Banglalink had 1.03 million connections until December, 2005. The number of Banglalink users increased by 257% and stood at 3.64 million at the end of 2006, making it the fastest growing operator in the world of that year. In August, 2006, Banglalink became the first company to provide free incoming calls from BTTB for both postpaid and prepaid connections. On August 20, 2008, Banglalink got past the landmark of 10 million subscriber base, and establishing a strong brand that emotionally connected customers with Banglalink.
Banglalink understands customer needs best and will create and deliver appropriate communication services to improve people’s lives and make them easier.
Our customers’ needs matter most to us- making their life simple and improving it is all we want.
Banglalink demonstrate the following values in their day-to-day activities to ensure “making a difference” in every area of operations.
Teletalk Bangladesh Limited
Teletalk Bangladesh Ltd is a GSM based state-owned mobile phone company in Bangladesh. Teletalk started operating on 29 December 2004. It is a Public Limited Company of Bangladesh Government, the state-owned telephone operator. TeleTalk provide GPRS and EDGE internet connectivity and now waiting for the license from Government to start the 3G which is the latest cellular information service. Teletalk is the first operator in the country that gave BTTB (now BTCL) incoming facility to its subscribers.
TeleTalk is the 6th largest mobile phone operator in Bangladesh with 1.147 million subscribers as up to July, 2010
To innovate and constantly find new ways to enhance our services to our customer’s current needs and desires for the future.
Our vision is to know our customers and meet their needs better than any one else.
• To provide mobile telephone service to the people from the public sector
• To ensure fair competition between public and private sectors and thereby to safeguard public interest
• To meet a portion of unmitigated high demand of mobile telephone
• To create a new source of revenue for the government
Analysis of Empirical Data
In this chapter, we will analyze the empirical data in accordance to the chosen theory. The structure is in accordance to the analysis model.
According to our empirical findings 30% respondents extremely agree, 60% respondents strongly agree, 10% respondents agree that logos of telecom companies are impressive.
25% respondents extremely agree, 55% respondents strongly agree, 17% respondents agree that color and symbols of logos matches with our culture and norms and 3% respondents are neutral.
1. Advertisement has a strong effect on Branding.
10. Do you think about the fact that companies celebrates in their advertising campaigns is true?
From the finding we see that 77% respondents extremely agree, 23% respondents strongly agree that the advertisement has a strong effect on banding. There is no argument against this.
37% respondents strongly agree, 32% respondents agree that telecom companies celebrate in their advertisement campaign is true. 22% are neutral about this question and 8% respondents are disagree that mobile phone operators celebrate in their advertising campaigns is not true.
According to our empirical findings 12% respondents strongly agree, 40% respondents agree, 10% respondents disagree, 3% respondents strongly disagree, 3% respondents extremely disagree that advertisement language is not simple and easy. And 32% are neutral about this question.
According to our empirical findings 5% respondents extremely agree, 13% respondents strongly agree, 49% respondents agree that advertisement sound is loud. And 20% are neutral about this question while 13% respondents disagree with the question.
According to our empirical findings 7% respondents strongly agree, 20% respondents agree, 35% respondents neutral that advertisement models (actors) are indecent. 30% are disagree, 3% strongly disagree, 3% extremely disagree about this question.
In this chapter, we will analyze the empirical data in accordance to the chosen theory. The structure is in accordance to the analysis model.
From Table 1, The Total respondents were 40 from them male are 92% and female are 8%.
The data have collect from 40 respondents, where as the respondent whose age are in 23-40, highly agree that advertisement has strong effect on branding and the respondent whose age is more than 40 are not as highly agree as the less than 41 agars.
Recommendations & Conclusions
In the following chapter, we summarize our results and draw conclusions about our study. Furthermore, we suggest future research.
From the collected data and analysis it became clear that advertisement has a strong effect on branding. The logos, slogan and symbols don’t conflict with our culture and norms. As well as the fact that mobile phone operators celebrate their AD campaign is true. Customers understand the advertising language and advertising language is simple and easy.
But mobile operators have limitation in advertising, they are not advertising enough in Bangladesh Television. They are advertising in satellite channels and newspapers. Satellite channels are not seen all over the country. So operators should advertise more in Bangladesh Television for create a strong brand. Mobile phone operators should participate in social welfare activities, relate with local cultural activates, give sponsorship in local games and sports, arrange youth basic program like education fairs, IT fairs etc. for creating a strong brand image.