Concept of Human Resource Development (HRD)
Human resources development refers to an organization’s focus on improving the knowledge, ability, skills, and other talents of their employees. It is the integrated use of training, organization, and career development efforts to improve individual, group, and organizational effectiveness.
Human Resources Development (HRD) as a theory is a framework for the expansion of human capital within an organization through the development of both the organization and the individual to achieve performance improvement” or “HRD is a new systematic approach to proactively deal with issues, related to individual employees and teams, and organizations and a movement to develop organizational capability to manage change and challenge”
The active resource of an organization is the human resource. Other resources remain inactive unless there are competent people to utilize the available resources for the production of goods and services. A human brain has a limitless energy to think and act in a productive way. Hence, competent and qualified human resource is a key factor of organizational success. In this regard, the emergence of human resource development (HRD) plays a vital role in enhancing the entrepreneurial skill of people.
Human Resource Development (HRD) is a process of developing skills, competencies, knowledge, and attitudes of people in an organization. The people become human resource only when they are competent to perform organizational activities. Therefore, HRD ensures that the organization has such competent human resource to achieve its desired goals and objectives. HRD imparts the required knowledge and skill in them through an effective arrangement of training and development programs. HRD is an integral part of Human Resource Management (HRM) which is more concerned with training and development, career planning and development and the organization development. The organization has to understand the dynamics of HR and attempt to cope with changing the situation in order to deploy its HR effectively and efficiently. And HRD helps to reach this target.
Hence, HRD is a conscious and proactive approach applied by employers which seek to capacitate employees through training and development to give their maximum to the organization and to fully use their potential to develop themselves.