Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)

The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a measurement of an investment’s annual growth rate over time, taking into account the impact of compounding. The geometric progression ratio that offers a constant rate of return over time is referred to as a constant rate of return in business and investing. Investors can look at the CAGR of two options to assess how well one stock performed against different stocks in a companion bunch or against a market file. It is frequently used to quantify and analyze the previous exhibition of speculations, or to project their normal future returns.

CAGR is a term that is often used to describe any aspect of a company, such as sales, units shipped, registered users, and so on. It is extremely beneficial to investors because it provides a reliable representation of investment growth (or decline) over time. The compound annual growth rate recipe requires just the consummation estimation of the venture, the starting worth, and the quantity of building a long time to ascertain. It’s done by dividing the ending value by the starting value, then multiplying the result by the inverse number of years before subtracting one.

The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) formula is as follows:

CAGR = (EV / BV)1/n – 1


EV = Ending value

BV = Beginning value

n = Number of years

CAGR essentially reduces the influence of periodic return uncertainty, which can render arithmetic means obsolete. It’s especially helpful when comparing growth rates from different data sets in the same domain, such as sales growth of companies in the same industry or field. To calculate the CAGR of an investment:

  • Divide an investment’s value at the end of a period by its value at the start of that period.
  • Raise the result to an exponent of one divided by the number of years.
  • Subtract one from the subsequent result.

The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a useful metric for comparing different investments over the same time period. One of the benefits of CAGR over an average annualized rate of return is that it is unaffected by percentage shifts within the investment horizon, which could contribute to inaccurate returns. The compound annual growth rate is calculated using the following formula:

CAGR(t0, tn) = (V(tn) / V(t0))1 / tnt0 – 1


  • V(t0) indicates the start value, V(tn) indicates the finish value, tnt0 refers to the number of years.
  • They can be used for calculations as long as the actual or standardized values maintain the same mathematical proportions.
  • The compound annual growth rate can also be determined by subtracting 1 from each year’s return to get the compound annual growth rate.

Real or standardized qualities might be utilized for estimation as long as they hold a similar numerical extent. The build yearly development rate is certainly not a genuine return rate, but instead an authentic figure. It’s a number that represents how much an investment would have increased if it had grown at the same pace every year and the gains were reinvested at the end of each year. The Compound Annual Growth Rate has the drawback of assuming steady growth over the investment’s time period. This smoothing instrument may yield results that contrast from the genuine circumstance with a profoundly unstable speculation.

Another drawback of the CAGR is that it does not account for changes in valuation triggered by investor decisions to increase or decrease the asset’s value. CAGR can be utilized as a speedy correlation instrument between venture alternatives, however any choices ought to be made with thought of the compromises among hazard and return. It can be used to figure out how much a single investment has grown on average. Calculating and communicating the average returns produced by investment funds’ average returns.

The CAGR is useful in contrasting the previous returns of stocks and an investment account or even bonds. CAGR helps smooth returns when development rates are relied upon to be unpredictable and conflicting. It assists a business in predicting future values based on a data series’ CAGR. The most significant drawback of CAGR is that, since it measures a smoothed rate of growth over time, it ignores uncertainty and assumes that growth was constant during that time. Profits from ventures are lopsided after some time, with the exception of bonds that are held to development, stores, and comparative speculations.

The compound annual growth rate can also be used to analyze and compare the performance of various business metrics over time, such as revenue, costs, market share, customer loyalty, and performance. Likewise, CAGR doesn’t represent when a financial backer adds assets to a portfolio or pulls out assets from the portfolio over the time frame being estimated. The main differentiation is that CAGR is direct sufficient that it tends to be determined by hand. More complex investments and programs, on the other hand, or those with a wide range of cash inflows and outflows, are better assessed using IRR.

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