Carbon accounting is the process of measuring and reporting on the carbon emissions of an organization, project or product. This typically includes quantifying the amount of greenhouse gases (GHGs) that are emitted or absorbed over a specific period of time, and reporting this information in a standardized format. Carbon accounting is used to track and manage an organization’s carbon footprint, and to inform decision-making related to reducing emissions and mitigating climate change. It can also be used to verify and validate claims of carbon offsetting and carbon neutral status.
It is the process of measuring and reporting on the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted by an organization or product. This information is used to inform decisions about emissions reduction and to track progress towards emissions targets. There are several methods for carbon accounting, including the use of emissions factors, direct measurement, and life cycle assessment. Carbon accounting is often used in the context of climate change mitigation and is a key element of carbon management and carbon offsetting.
These techniques can also assist in understanding the impacts of specific products and services by quantifying their GHG emissions over their entire lifecycle. This can encourage more environmentally conscious purchasing decisions. GHG accounting methods can assist investors in better understanding the climate risks of the companies in which they invest. Accurate accounting methods also help corporations and communities achieve net-zero goals. There is some evidence that programs requiring GHG accounting have a negative impact on emissions.
The main goal is to reduce or offset these emissions in order to mitigate the impacts of climate change. Carbon accounting can include measuring emissions from energy use, transportation, waste management, and other activities. The data collected is used to create a carbon footprint, which is a measure of the total amount of greenhouse gases produced by an organization. This information can be used to develop a carbon reduction strategy and set emissions reduction targets.
Organizations and journalists now have a plethora of guidelines outlining what to measure, what data to collect, and how to calculate their carbon footprint. There are also numerous tools and solutions available to help streamline the process and make the data more accessible and usable. Climate impact disclosure is not limited to large corporations. To truly achieve net zero, every organization must assess its carbon footprint in order to have a global impact. In this guide, we’ll go over everything you need to know about carbon accounting and why you should start right away.