Chemistry

Ammonium Perrhenate – an ammonium salt of perrhenic acid

Ammonium Perrhenate – an ammonium salt of perrhenic acid

The ammonium salt of perrhenic acid, NH4ReO4, is ammonium perrhenate (APR). It is the most commonly traded form of rhenium. It is a white salt that is soluble in ethanol and water and only slightly soluble in NH4Cl. It was first described shortly after rhenium was discovered. It is an intermediat.....

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The Process is Designed to Remove Ammonia from Wastewater

The Process is Designed to Remove Ammonia from Wastewater

Engineers have created a high-performance nanowire catalyst that extracts ammonia and solid ammonia (fertilizer) from nitrate, which is a frequent contaminant in industrial effluent and polluted groundwater. A smattering of ruthenium atoms on a mesh of copper nanowires could be the first step tow.....

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Origin of Complex Cells began in the Absence of Oxygen

Origin of Complex Cells began in the Absence of Oxygen

According to new research, the formation of complex cells occurred without the presence of oxygen. Cells are classified into two types based on whether or not they have a nucleus. Prokaryotic cells (bacteria) lack a nuclear envelope, whereas eukaryotic cells have a nucleus that separates the gene.....

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Ammonium Permanganate – a Chemical Compound

Ammonium Permanganate – a Chemical Compound

The chemical formula for ammonium permanganate is NH4MnO4, also known as NH3•HMnO4. It is a violet-brown or dark purple salt that is water soluble. It is a powerful oxidizing agent. It dissolves in water to form strong purple solutions, which evaporate to form prismatic purplish-black gleaming .....

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Ammonium Perchlorate – an Inorganic Compound

Ammonium Perchlorate – an Inorganic Compound

Ammonium perchlorate has the formula NH4ClO4 and is an inorganic chemical. It is a colorless or white substance that is water soluble. It is a perchloric acid and ammonia salt. It is a strong oxidant. It can be used as a rocket propellant when combined with a fuel. It is mostly utilized as an oxi.....

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Long-term Energy Storage may be possible with a Dual Membrane

Long-term Energy Storage may be possible with a Dual Membrane

According to Imperial College London experts, a novel approach to battery architecture could hold the secret to low-cost, long-term energy storage. Engineers and scientists collaborated to develop a polysulfide-air redox flow battery (PSA RFB) with not one, but two membranes. The dual membrane de.....

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Lignin-based Jet Fuel has more Power while Emitting less Pollutant

Lignin-based Jet Fuel has more Power while Emitting less Pollutant

Sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) is emerging as the primary method of reducing carbon emissions from the world’s enormous commercial aviation sector, with California emerging as the major testbed in North America. Although the potential is great, SAF supplies are limited and costs are high. .....

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A New Tool for Controlling Enzymatic Processes is Sound

A New Tool for Controlling Enzymatic Processes is Sound

Unconventional compartmentalization caused by audible sound allows the enzyme processes to be controlled spatiotemporally. The presence of multiple chemical domains in which various chemical cascade reaction networks operate with spatiotemporal control is one of the fundamental principles of oper.....

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Engineers Delve inside the Ionic Skin

Engineers Delve inside the Ionic Skin

Electronic skins (stretchable sheets of distributed sensors) use electrons to report signals, whereas natural skins use ions. Ionic conductors are employed to build a novel sort of sensory sheet known as “ionic skin” in this case. Ionic skins are flexible, translucent, and biocompatib.....

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A Better Method to Make Pharmaceutical and other Chemical Compounds

A Better Method to Make Pharmaceutical and other Chemical Compounds

Chemical stability is an important factor to consider when evaluating pharmacological characteristics, activity, and selectivity during drug discovery. Therapeutic development that leads to robust and marketable lead candidates remains a difficult scientific undertaking, as the move from a screen.....

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Ammonium Paratungstate – a White Crystalline Salt

Ammonium Paratungstate – a White Crystalline Salt

The chemical formula for ammonium paratungstate (or APT) is (NH4)10(H2W12O42)•4H2O. It’s been called “the most crucial raw material for all other tungsten products.” When heated to between 220 and 280 degrees Celsius, ammonium paratungstate loses some of its ammonium and water.....

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Ammonium Orthomolybdate – an Inorganic Compound

Ammonium Orthomolybdate – an Inorganic Compound

The inorganic compound ammonium orthomolybdate has the chemical formula (NH4)2MoO4. It is a white substance formed by reacting molybdenum trioxide with aqueous ammonia. Ammonia is lost when these solutions are heated, yielding ammonium heptamolybdate ((NH4)6Mo7O24.4H2O). It is employed in the det.....

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