Biology

Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria that can Spread Across Animals, Humans, and the Environment are Identified Using Machine Learning

Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria that can Spread Across Animals, Humans, and the Environment are Identified Using Machine Learning

Experts at the University of Nottingham have created ground-breaking software that combines DNA sequencing and machine learning to assist researchers figure out where and how antibiotic-resistant bacteria spreads between humans, animals, and the environment. Dr. Tania Dottorini of the University&.....

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Humans may Transmit Hazardous Gut Microorganisms to Urban Animals

Humans may Transmit Hazardous Gut Microorganisms to Urban Animals

Animals who move to the city may get more than they bargained for. Gut microbes from humans in cities may be contaminating urban wildlife, putting the animals’ health at danger. The concept of One Health emphasizes the ecological links between human, animal, and environmental health. To dat.....

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Long-term Memory Storage has been Identified by Neuroscientists

Long-term Memory Storage has been Identified by Neuroscientists

The brain is buzzing with activity. Different groupings of neurons (nerve cells) responsible for various ideas or senses come and go. Memory is the reactivation of a specific group of neurons caused by persistent changes in the strength of neural connections. But what makes a certain combination .....

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Early Echoes of a Neurological System can be found in Brainless Sponges

Early Echoes of a Neurological System can be found in Brainless Sponges

Scientists have captured a sponge sneezing, indicating that even without a neural system, these primitive organisms can feel and respond to their surroundings. Sponges are the most basic type of multicellular animal. They lack the nerves and digestive systems found in other animals, relying on wa.....

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Modified Genes can Alter the Interactions of Wild Cotton with Insects

Modified Genes can Alter the Interactions of Wild Cotton with Insects

Cotton plants endemic to Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula may appear identical — untidy and uncontrolled bushes with flowers that change from pale yellow to violet as pollinators visit. However, genes from genetically modified cotton crops have caused some of these natural plants to become fund.....

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Researchers have Created a Bacteria Strain that can Protect ‘Good’ Gut Bacteria from Antibiotics

Researchers have Created a Bacteria Strain that can Protect ‘Good’ Gut Bacteria from Antibiotics

Antibiotics save lives, but they also destroy the healthy bacteria that exist in the human gut. Some people are at risk of getting inflammation or opportunistic infections like Clostridioides difficile after receiving antibiotics. Antibiotics used indiscriminately on gut microorganisms can also c.....

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Nutrient Tolerance can be Influenced by Our Genes

Nutrient Tolerance can be Influenced by Our Genes

According to a new study, modest genetic changes can alter the ability to use the energy of certain nutrients. This study demonstrates how dietary planning based on genetic data can help to advance the creation of tailored nutrition for health. At two levels, nutrients and genetics interact. Indi.....

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A New Study Sheds Light on How the Gut Processes Xanthan Gum, a Common Food Additive

A New Study Sheds Light on How the Gut Processes Xanthan Gum, a Common Food Additive

If you read food labels, you’ve probably come across xanthan gum (/ˈzaenθən/), which may be found in everything from yogurt to baked goods to salad dressing. Xanthan gum is a thickening, emulsifying, and stabilizing substance that keeps components from separating. Xanthan gum is frequent.....

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Saving Egypt’s Pumpkins and Addressing Global Food Insecurity by Going Door-to-Door

Saving Egypt’s Pumpkins and Addressing Global Food Insecurity by Going Door-to-Door

How does one help save an iconic, nutritious Egyptian crop that will help meet the food security challenges resulting from climate change? The easiest way to get started, according to an international team of researchers led by the University of Massachusetts Amherst, is to drive through central .....

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Scientists Discover the First Molecular Clues Behind Gelada Monkeys’ High-Altitude Adaptation

Scientists Discover the First Molecular Clues Behind Gelada Monkeys’ High-Altitude Adaptation

The gelada-the “bleeding heart” monkey named for its beautiful red chest lives among the high mountain meadows and grasslands of Ethiopia’s plateau. Geladas are the last of their kind, having outlived their extinct ancestors by leading an unconventional lifestyle. Geladas, unlike their .....

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Personalized Cancer Therapies Could Be Enabled by Cells Dancing Harmonic Duets

Personalized Cancer Therapies Could Be Enabled by Cells Dancing Harmonic Duets

Mechanical engineers at Duke University are controlling suspended particles and cells in novel and beneficial ways using two electronic “voices” singing a harmonic duet. Their prototype gadget can build arbitrary forms with a given amount of particles, as well as move pairs of biological cell.....

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Clock Gene Mutation has discovered to play a role in Autism Development

Clock Gene Mutation has discovered to play a role in Autism Development

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental illness that manifests itself very early in childhood, varies in severity, and is characterized by impaired social skills, communication difficulties, and repetitive activities. These issues can make it difficult for affected persons to operate in.....

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