Agriculture

Maize Crops are Harmed by Ozone Pollution

Maize Crops are Harmed by Ozone Pollution

Ground-level ozone is a danger to food production because it reduces the yield and quality of key staple crops. Soybean, wheat, and rice are the most vulnerable to ozone, followed by maize and barley. Ground-level ozone is created by a complex series of chemical processes that take time to build .....

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Farmers can Use Smart Soil Bugs to Control Crop Diseases in an Environmentally Responsible Way

Farmers can Use Smart Soil Bugs to Control Crop Diseases in an Environmentally Responsible Way

A research-industry collaboration has produced a new way for managing a variety of devastating agricultural diseases using native, beneficial soil microorganisms. The agri-tech breakthrough aims to provide farmers with a means to lower the expense and environmental impact of chemical crop disease.....

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Symbiotic Bacteria in Root Cells could be Key to Better Crop Production

Symbiotic Bacteria in Root Cells could be Key to Better Crop Production

According to a Rutgers study, symbiotic bacteria that infiltrate root cells can be controlled to produce hardier crops that require less fertilizer. The findings were published in the journal Microorganisms. Bacteria that live in symbiosis with another organism or with each other are known as sym.....

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Researchers say that Comparisons of Organic and Conventional Agriculture Need to be Improved

Researchers say that Comparisons of Organic and Conventional Agriculture Need to be Improved

Agriculture’s and food’s environmental impacts are widely discussed. However, the most often used technique of study frequently overlooks important elements like biodiversity, soil quality, pesticide impacts, and societal shifts, and these omissions can lead to incorrect conclusions a.....

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How do Plants React to Heat Temperature?

How do Plants React to Heat Temperature?

Heat stress can have a serious impact on plants, just like it does on other species. They stimulate the heat shock response, a biochemical process used by human and animal cells for stress defense, to boost their chances of survival. Plant steroid hormones, according to researchers, can stimulate.....

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Planes with Powerful Sensors Detect Crop Nitrogen with Excellent Accuracy

Planes with Powerful Sensors Detect Crop Nitrogen with Excellent Accuracy

Researchers from the University of Illinois mounted hyperspectral sensors on planes to assess nitrogen status and photosynthetic capability in corn. They were able to scan fields in a few seconds per acre using airborne hyperspectral sensing technology. According to Sheng Wang, the study’s .....

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Pollution Confuses Butterflies and Bees, Reducing Pollination

Pollution Confuses Butterflies and Bees, Reducing Pollination

A new study discovered that when diesel fumes and ozone were present, pollination was reduced by about a third – the negative influence of these typical air pollutants on pollination was detected in the natural environment. According to new research, common air contaminants from both urban and .....

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To Better Understand the Differences in Capacity between Domesticated and Wild Rice, Researchers Studied the 2 Species

To Better Understand the Differences in Capacity between Domesticated and Wild Rice, Researchers Studied the 2 Species

Rice is the primary food source for millions of people throughout Asia. Rice, which is thought to have been domesticated as early as 6000 BCE, is a major source of calories all across the world. It is the world’s most important food crop, feeding millions of people every day. Domesticated r.....

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Herbicide Environmental Impact Mitigation

Herbicide Environmental Impact Mitigation

The interactions of different herbicides and what they mean for herbicide drift are being studied. In recent years, herbicide drift has caused more damage to soybean fields and other crops and trees across the Midwest particularly plant grown from seeds that have not been genetically modified to .....

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Discovering New Ways to Target Pest Insects Selectively

Discovering New Ways to Target Pest Insects Selectively

A failed pesticide screening can just as easily kill your entire crop as the pests that were attacking it! There are alternatives to using chemicals to control pests. Beneficial insects and predatory mites can be of assistance. The Russian Wheat Aphid, Diamond Back Moth, and Potato Leaf Hopper ar.....

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A New Plant-Infecting Enzyme has been Discovered, Potentially Paving the Way for Disease Prevention

A New Plant-Infecting Enzyme has been Discovered, Potentially Paving the Way for Disease Prevention

Scientists have discovered previously unknown ways for crop diseases to get through plant cell walls, paving the way for the development of effective disease management technology. The latest study, which was published in Science, describes a family of enzymes identified in the Phytophthora infes.....

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Extinctions and Ancient Megafaunal Mutualisms as Factors in Plant Domestication

Extinctions and Ancient Megafaunal Mutualisms as Factors in Plant Domestication

Humans provide tremendous selection pressures on the plants that thrive on the environments we utilize by clearing forests, burning grasslands, plowing fields, and harvesting crops. Plants with long-distance seed-dispersal properties, such as fast yearly growth, absence of toxins, and numerous se.....

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