Political Science

Petroleum Revolution

Petroleum Revolution

In modern history, the Industrial Revolution was the transition from an agrarian and handicraft economy to one dominated by industry and machine production. The Petroleum Movement was a libertarian and syndicalist leaning workers’ revolution that took place in Alcoy, Alicante, Spain in 1873.....

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Misinformation that is Flagged as False Could Slow the Spread of Fake News on Social Media

Misinformation that is Flagged as False Could Slow the Spread of Fake News on Social Media

The spread of fake news on social media is a dangerous trend that could have serious consequences for the 2020 presidential election. Indeed, research suggests that people are more engaged with fake news than they are with authentic news from conventional sources, making social media a strong pro.....

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Affirmative Action Motivates High School Students to Perform Better, According to New Research

Affirmative Action Motivates High School Students to Perform Better, According to New Research

On November 3, California voters will be asked to adopt Proposition 16, which would reinstate the power of California’s colleges and universities to consider race, ethnicity, and gender in admission decisions. Affirmative action is a divisive topic in countries around the world, including I.....

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Canada Invokes Emergency Powers for First Time in History to Tackle Trucker Protests

Canada Invokes Emergency Powers for First Time in History to Tackle Trucker Protests

Faced with a nationwide convoy of truckers protesting vaccine mandates, Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has invoked the Emergencies Act for the first time in history, giving the government a slew of additional authorities to try to control the unrest. For the next 30 days, the act wi.....

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Deliberative Democracy – a Form of Democracy

Deliberative Democracy – a Form of Democracy

Deliberation is a political approach in which citizens, not just experts or politicians, play an active role in community problem solving and public decision-making. Deliberative democracy, also known as discursive democracy, is a type of democracy in which deliberation plays an important role in.....

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Public Participation – Directly Engages Public in Decision-making

Public Participation – Directly Engages Public in Decision-making

Any process that directly engages the public in decision-making and gives full consideration to public input in making that decision is considered public participation. The inclusion of the public in the activities of any organization or project, also known as citizen participation. It is a proce.....

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Participative Democracy – a Model of Democracy

Participative Democracy – a Model of Democracy

Participatory democracy, also known as participatory democracy, is a democratic model in which citizens are given the authority to make political decisions. Democracy’s etymological roots (Greek demos and kratos) imply that the people are in power, implying that all democracies are particip.....

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Participatory Budgeting – a process of democratic deliberation

Participatory Budgeting – a process of democratic deliberation

Participatory budgeting (PB) is a democratic process in which community members directly decide how to spend a portion of a public budget. It is a democratic deliberation and decision-making process in which ordinary people decide how to allocate a portion of a municipal or public budget. It is a.....

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Aim of Inclusive Democracy

Aim of Inclusive Democracy

Inclusive Democracy is the highest form of democracy because it establishes the institutional foundations for political (or direct) democracy, economic democracy, social democracy, and ecological democracy. At the subjective level, Inclusive Democracy is based on citizens’ conscious choice .....

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Inclusive Democracy – Democracy in the Socio-economic Realm

Inclusive Democracy – Democracy in the Socio-economic Realm

Inclusive democracy entails the participation of all citizens in policy formulation in order to include all citizens in the mainstream of politics. Inclusive Democracy (ID) is a project that seeks direct democracy, economic democracy in a stateless, moneyless, and marketless economy, self-managem.....

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A Growing Political Schism in U.S. may Jeopardize Research and Medicine

A Growing Political Schism in U.S. may Jeopardize Research and Medicine

The rapidity with which scientists produced and tested the COVID-19 vaccine is a remarkable scientific accomplishment, one that would not have been possible without the more than 70,000 volunteers who took part in the vaccine’s clinical trials. The involvement of the general public is impor.....

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Regulatory Agency – a Government Authority

Regulatory Agency – a Government Authority

A regulatory agency is a government agency or body that has authority over a specific field of activity. These agencies may be part of a government arm or independent entities with statutory (legal) authority. Regulatory agencies are responsible for enforcing specific areas of legislation, develo.....

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