Difference Between Management And Administration

Difference Between Management And Administration

Management and administration are both important functions that support the success of any business, company, or organization. Management is an art and science. It’s the practice of bringing a bunch of people together to form an upshot that’s greater than the sum of its parts. Administration is a longtime hierarchy of people who report back to levels of the hierarchy above them, work with the individuals on their level, and direct those below them.

Definition of Management –

Management is defined as an act of managing people and their work, for achieving a common goal by using the organization’s resources. It creates an environment under which the manager and his subordinates can work together for the attainment of group objectives. It is a group of people who use their skills and talent in running the complete system of the organization. It is an activity, a function, a process, a discipline, and much more.

Management is a group of people. They use their talent and skills to complete the organizational task. So, we can say that it consists of the following features. Such as:

  • Functional initiative
  • Activity
  • Documental discipline,
  • Systematic process,
  • And much more.

Management brings together 5M’s of the organization, i.e. Men, Material, Machines, Methods, and Money. It’s also called 5M’s Model of management. It’s a result-oriented activity, which focuses on achieving the required output. Someone includes three extra, additionally. So, it should also call 8M’s Model; like Material, Method or Mother Nature, and Maintenance.

Actually, Management may be understood because of the ability to get the work done out of others. It’s the method of managing or controlling things or people. Such as the management of a corporation or an economy. It’s the organization and coordination of the activities of a business so as to be achieved.

Definition of Administration –

The “science” of business is however more evident within the administration of a business. Essentially administration is anxious with the method around which a business operates. So while a Manager is also answerable for hitting a given revenue target, the administration of that goal would specialize in how sales opportunities are managed, forecast, and eventually closed.

The administration may be a systematic process of administering the management of a business organization, an academic institution like school or college, business office, or any nonprofit organization. The most function of administration is that the formation of plans, policies, and procedures, putting in of goals and objectives, enforcing rules and regulations, etc.

Administration involves implementing and maintaining the strictures of a business, company or organization, the “form”. Administration handles all of the internal mechanics of the business necessary for it to operate. Administration lays down the fundamental framework of an organization, within which the management of the organization functions.

The nature of administration is bureaucratic. It is a broader term as it involves forecasting, planning, organizing, and decision-making functions at the highest level of the enterprise. Administration represents the top layer of the management hierarchy of the organization. These top-level authorities are either owners or business partners who invest their capital in starting the business. They get their returns in the form of profits or as a dividend.

Key Differences between Management and Administration –

The major differences between management and administration are given below:

  • Management consists of actions and plans whereby administration entails setting objectives and policies.
  • Management aims at managing not only people but also their work. Whereas Administration focuses on how best the resources of an organization can be utilized.
  • Although administration and management are both processes, they are different in sense. Administration deal with a group of people. On the other hand, Management dealt with simply people.
  • All works of administration is controlled. Additionally, management does it under the administration.
  • Management is an activity of business and functional level, whereas Administration is a high-level activity.
  • Functions of administration include legislation and determination. Conversely, functions of management are executive and governing.
  • Administration takes all the important decisions of the organization while management makes decisions under the boundaries set by the administration.
  • Administration is focused on setting and creating policies and procedures. Management however is more likely to deal with the broader functions of an organization and how tasks are executed.
  • Administrator plays a vital roll in administering. On the other hand, the manager does the same thing to accelerate management. This is the key personal difference between administration and management.
  • Management can be seen in a profit-making organization like business enterprises. Conversely, the Administration is found in government and military offices, clubs, hospitals, religious organizations, and all the non-profit making enterprises.
  • Management focuses on managing people and their work. On the other hand, the administration focuses on making the best possible utilization of the organization’s resources.
  • In administration, the owner tries to increase investment. On the other hand, payment is the only target for employees in management.
  • The administrative functions of a business can often be guided or influenced by legislation or law. Whereas how a manager chooses to guide or lead their team is often a function of their experience and the company culture.

Actually, Management is often understood because the ability to urge the work done out of others. It isn’t precisely the same as administration, which adheres to a practice of effectively administering the entire business, company, or organization. The foremost important point that disagrees with management from the administration is that the previous is anxious with directing or guiding the operations of the organization, whereas the latter stresses laying down the policies and establishing the objectives of the organization. Although the managers who are engaged on the topmost level are said to be a part of administration whereas the managers functioning on the center or lower-level represent management. So, we are able to say that administration is above management.


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